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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 2, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1985
  • pp: 284–299

Spatiotemporal energy models for the perception of motion

Edward H. Adelson and James R. Bergen  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 284-299 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.2.000284


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Abstract

A motion sequence may be represented as a single pattern in xyt space; a velocity of motion corresponds to a three-dimensional orientation in this space. Motion sinformation can be extracted by a system that responds to the oriented spatiotemporal energy. We discuss a class of models for human motion mechanisms in which the first stage consists of linear filters that are oriented in space-time and tuned in spatial frequency. The outputs of quadrature pairs of such filters are squared and summed to give a measure of motion energy. These responses are then fed into an opponent stage. Energy models can be built from elements that are consistent with known physiology and psychophysics, and they permit a qualitative understanding of a variety of motion phenomena.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 9, 1984
Manuscript Accepted: October 12, 1984
Published: February 1, 1985

Citation
Edward H. Adelson and James R. Bergen, "Spatiotemporal energy models for the perception of motion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 284-299 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-2-2-284


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