OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 2, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1985
  • pp: 747–752

In-plane scattering in planar optical waveguides: refractive-index fluctuations and surface roughness

D. G. Hall  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 2, Issue 5, pp. 747-752 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.2.000747


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (748 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The problem of the in-plane scattering of a TE guided wave by both waveguidesurface roughness and refractive-index fluctuations has been analyzed. Simple formulas emerge for the relative strength of the two scattering mechanisms and for the power collected by an off-axis detector. The theory is illustrated by applying it to the case of a step-index slab waveguide.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 27, 1984
Manuscript Accepted: January 3, 1985
Published: May 1, 1985

Citation
D. G. Hall, "In-plane scattering in planar optical waveguides: refractive-index fluctuations and surface roughness," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 747-752 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-2-5-747


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Wille, W. J. Micheli, “An integrated optical RF spectrum analyzer,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 1976 Ultrasonics Symposium (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1976). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Mergerian, E. C. Malarkey, R. P. Pautienus, J. C. Bradley, G. E. Marx, L. D. Hutcheson, A. L. Kellner, “Operational integrated optical R.F. spectrum analyzer,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3033 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Marcuse, “Mode conversion caused by surface imperfections of a dielectric slab waveguide,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 3187 (1969).
  4. Y. Suematsu, K. Furuya, M. Hakuta, K. Chiba, “Far-field radiation pattern caused by random wall distortion of dielectric waveguides and determination of correlation length,” Electron. Commun. Jpn. 56-C, 62 (1973).
  5. M. Gottlieb, G. B. Brandt, J. J. Conroy, “Out-of-plane scattering in optical waveguides,”IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. CAS-26, 1029 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. T. L. Tsai, H. S. Tuan, “Reflection and scattering by a single groovein integrated optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 326 (1974). [CrossRef]
  7. D. G. Hall, “Comparison of two approaches to the waveguide scattering problem,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1732 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Walter, J. Houghton, “Attenuation in thin film optical waveguides due to roughness-induced mode-coupling,” Thin Solid Films 52, 461 (1978). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Mianaga, M. Imai, T. Asakura, “Radiation pattern of light scattering from the core region of dielectric-slab-optical waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 30 (1978). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Imai, M. Koseki, Y. Ohtsuka, “Light scattering from a glass thin-film optical waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 6506 (1981). [CrossRef]
  11. E. Bradley, D. G. Hall, “Out-of-plane scattering from glass waveguides: comparison of theory and experiment,” Opt. Lett. 7, 235 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. J. Walter, “The roughness parameters of glass films,” Vacuum 27, 7 (1976). [CrossRef]
  13. P. K. Tien, “Light waves in thin films and integrated optics,” Appl. Opt. 10, 2395 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Findakly, E. Garmire, H. T. Moon, “Comparison of losses in imperfect surface-diffused and buried optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 4, 149 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Findakly, E. Garmire, “Reduction and control of optical waveguide losses in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 855 (1980). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Dutta, H. E. Jackson, J. T. Boyd, F. S. Hickernell, R. L. Davis, “Scattering loss reduction in ZnO optical waveguides by laser annealing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 206 (1981). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Dutta, H. E. Jackson, J. T. Boyd, “Extremely low-loss glass thin-film optical waveguide utilizing surface coating and laser annealing,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3873 (1981). [CrossRef]
  18. G. H. Ames, D. G. Hall, “Attenuation in planar optical waveguides: comparison of theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 845 (1983). [CrossRef]
  19. D. G. Hall, “Scattering of optical guided-waves by waveguide surface roughness: three-dimensional treatment,” Opt. Lett. 6, 601 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, “Effect of waveguide optical scattering on the integrated optical spectral analyzer dynamic range,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978). [CrossRef]
  21. D. W. Vahey, “Optical waveguide scattering reduction,” (Air Force Avionics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, June1979).
  22. D. W. Vahey, N. F. Hartman, R. C. Sherman, “Optical waveguide scattering reduction II,” (Air Force Avionics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433, December1980).
  23. G. B. Brandt, “In-plane scattering in glass and niobium oxide waveguides,” Opt. Eng. 20, 150 (1981). [CrossRef]
  24. F. K. Hopkins, H. E. Jackson, J. T. Boyd, “In-plane scattering in a planar optical waveguide by an integrated technique,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2761 (1981). [CrossRef]
  25. R. A. Modavis, D. G. Hall, “In-plane scattering in planar optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 9, 96 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. See, for example, G. Arfken, Mathematical Methods for Physicists, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1970), p. 760.
  27. H. Kogelnik, “Theory of dielectric waveguides,” in Integrated Optics, T. Tamir, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979).
  28. J. M. Elson, J. M. Bennett, “Relation between the angular dependence of scattering and the statistical properties of optical surfaces,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 31 (1979). [CrossRef]
  29. J. M. Elson, J. M. Bennett, “Vector scattering theory,” Opt. Eng. 18, 116 (1979). [CrossRef]
  30. W. Panofsky, M. Phillips, Classical Electricity and Magnetism (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1955), Chap. 12.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited