OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2003
  • pp: 935–940

Efficient excitation of self-collimated beams and single Bloch modes in planar photonic crystals

Jeremy Witzens and Axel Scherer  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 20, Issue 5, pp. 935-940 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.20.000935


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (950 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Using finite-difference time-domain calculations, we investigate out-of-plane coupling between a square-lattice planar photonic crystal and a conventional waveguide located above the photonic crystal. We couple a waveguide oriented in the ΓX direction to a photonic crystal mode in the second band and show that anticrossing takes place. In this way, a self-collimated beam is launched in the planar photonic crystal, with full power transfer. Furthermore, we investigate the coupling between a waveguide oriented in the ΓM direction and a photonic crystal and show that single photonic crystal modes can be selectively excited.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components

Citation
Jeremy Witzens and Axel Scherer, "Efficient excitation of self-collimated beams and single Bloch modes in planar photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 935-940 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-20-5-935


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
  2. T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, and S. Brand, “Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near infrared wavelengths,” Nature 383, 699–702 (1996).
  3. S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).
  4. D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).
  5. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O’Brian, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
  6. M. Lončar, D. Nedeljković, T. Doll, J. Vučković, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, “Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937–1939 (2000).
  7. C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, U. Oesterle, and R. Houdré, “Coupled guide and cavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487–1489 (2001).
  8. S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407, 608–610 (2000).
  9. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Photonic-crystal spot-size converter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 268–270 (2000).
  10. P. Lalanne and A. Talneau, “Modal conversion with artificial materials for photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 19, 354–359 (2002); www.opticsexpress.org.
  11. M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Spontaneous emission extraction and Purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096–2112 (1999).
  12. V. N. Astratov, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, “Resonant coupling of near-infrared radiation to photonic band structure waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2050–2057 (1999).
  13. Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Adiabatic coupling between conventional dielectric waveguides and waveguides with discrete translational symmetry,” Opt. Lett. 25, 755–757 (2000).
  14. A. Mekis and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tapered couplers for efficient interfacing between dielectric and photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 861–865 (2001).
  15. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Self-collimating phenomena in photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212–1214 (1999).
  16. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, “Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096–R10099 (1998).
  17. J. Witzens, M. Lončar, and A. Scherer, “Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246–1257 (2002).
  18. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).
  19. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, NTT Photonics Laboratories, Japan, 2000).
  20. C. M. de Sterke, D. Salinas, and J. E. Sipe, “Coupled-mode theory for light propagation through deep nonlinear gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 1969–1989 (1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited