It is shown that highly focused pulses can be shaped by exciting a finite aperture with a spread-out pulse train of X waves. The basis of the proposed scheme is that the peaks of X waves, characterized by different apex angles, travel at different velocities. This property allows one to vary the temporal starting points of the initial excitations of a sequence of X waves so that all their peaks meet at a chosen focusing point. It is demonstrated that this simple criterion can be effective in producing a highly focused, composite X-wave pulse that exhibits a slower decay behavior than the individual X-wave components used in synthesizing it.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
Amr M. Shaarawi, Ioannis M. Besieris, and Tarek M. Said, "Temporal focusing by use of composite X waves," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1658-1665 (2003)