Linear models have already been proved accurate enough to recover spectral functions. We have resorted to such linear models to recover spectral daylight with the response of no more than a few real sensors. We performed an exhaustive search to obtain the best set of Gaussian sensors with a combination of optimum spectral position and bandwidth. We also examined to what extent the accuracy of daylight estimation depends on the number of sensors and their spectral properties. A set of 2600 daylight spectra [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A <b>18</b>, 1325 (2001)] were used to determine the basis functions in the linear model and also to evaluate the accuracy of the search. The estimated spectra are compared with the original ones for different spectral daylight and skylight sets of data within the visible spectrum. Spectral similarity, colorimetric differences, and integrated spectral irradiance errors were all taken into account. We compare our best results with those obtained by using a commercial CCD, revealing the CCD’s potential as a daylight-estimation device.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Javier Hernández-Andrés, Juan L. Nieves, Eva M. Valero, and Javier Romero, "Spectral-daylight recovery by use of only a few sensors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 13-23 (2004)