The superresolution technique is well known for its ability to compress the central diffraction spot to a size that is smaller than the Airy diffraction spot. The radial birefringent filter, which consists of two parallel polarizers and a rotationally symmetric birefringent element, is introduced into the superresolution technology, and the pupil function of it is deduced. It is shown that such a filter can be adapted either for transverse superresolution or for axial superresolution simply by changing the angle between either of the two polarizers and the radial birefringent element. At the same time the superresolution parameters are discussed. The filter is relatively simple in construction as it requires no phase changes, and low-cost replication is possible.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(120.2440) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Filters
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
Maojin Yun, Liren Liu, Jianfeng Sun, and De’an Liu, "Transverse or axial superresolution with radial birefringent filter," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1869-1874 (2004)