OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2004
  • pp: 2406–2413

Strehl ratio for focusing into biaxially birefringent media

Sjoerd Stallinga  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 21, Issue 12, pp. 2406-2413 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (475 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The Strehl ratio for focusing into biaxially birefringent media with small birefringence is investigated. An analytical expression for the Strehl ratio as a function of the polarization and birefringence parameters is derived in the paraxial limit from a generalization of the scalar aberration theory. The expression agrees well with results of a numerical calculation.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(180.1790) Microscopy : Confocal microscopy
(210.4770) Optical data storage : Optical recording
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(260.1960) Physical optics : Diffraction theory

Original Manuscript: February 19, 2004
Revised Manuscript: June 11, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: June 11, 2004
Published: December 1, 2004

Sjoerd Stallinga, "Strehl ratio for focusing into biaxially birefringent media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2406-2413 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Stallinga, “Light distribution close to focus in biaxially birefringent media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1785–1798 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1980).
  3. J. J. Stamnes, Waves in Focal Regions (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1986).
  4. Selected Papers on Electromagnetic Fields in the Focal Region, J. J. Stamnes, ed., SPIE Milestone Series Vol. 168 (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 2001).
  5. S. Stallinga, “Axial birefringence in high NA optical systems and the light distribution close to focus,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2846–2858 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. A. B. Marchant, “Cover sheet aberrations in optical recording,” in Optical Disk Systems and Applications, E. V. LaBudde, ed., Proc. SPIE421, 43–49 (1983). [CrossRef]
  7. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77: The Art of Scientific Computing, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992).
  8. M. K. Dekker, N. Pfeffer, M. Kuijper, W. M. Coene, E. R. Meinders, H. J. Borg, “Blue phase-change recording at high data densities and data rates,” in Optical Data Storage 2000, D. G. Stinson, R. Katayama, eds., Proc. SPIE4090, 28–35 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. I. Ichimura, S. Masuhara, J. Nakano, Y. Kasami, K. Yasuda, O. Kawakubo, K. Osato, “On-groove phase-change optical recording for a capacity of 25 GB,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 168–177 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Kuijper, I. P. Ubbens, L. Spruijt, J. M. ter Meulen, K. Schep, “Groove-only recording under DVR conditions,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 178–185 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited