Existing color constancy methods cannot handle both uniformly colored surfaces and highly textured surfaces in a single integrated framework. Statistics-based methods require many surface colors and become error prone when there are only a few surface colors. In contrast, dichromatic-based methods can successfully handle uniformly colored surfaces but cannot be applied to highly textured surfaces, since they require precise color segmentation. We present a single integrated method to estimate illumination chromaticity from single-colored and multicolored surfaces. Unlike existing dichromatic-based methods, the proposed method requires only rough highlight regions without segmenting the colors inside them. We show that, by analyzing highlights, a direct correlation between illumination chromaticity and image chromaticity can be obtained. This correlation is clearly described in “inverse-intensity chromaticity space,” a novel two-dimensional space that we introduce. In addition, when Hough transform and histogram analysis is utilized in this space, illumination chromaticity can be estimated robustly, even for a highly textured surface.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 21, 2003
Revised Manuscript: September 15, 2003
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2003
Published: March 1, 2004
Robby T. Tan, Ko Nishino, and Katsushi Ikeuchi, "Color constancy through inverse-intensity chromaticity space," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 321-334 (2004)