OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2004
  • pp: 473–485

Correcting ocular spherical aberration with soft contact lenses

Holger H. Dietze and Michael J. Cox  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 21, Issue 4, pp. 473-485 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.21.000473


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (278 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Following aberroscopy, aspheric front surface soft contact lenses (SCLs) were custom-made to correct spherical refractive error and ocular spherical aberration (SA) of 18 myopic and five hypermetropic subjects (age, 20.5±5 yr). On-eye residual aberrations, logMAR visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity were compared with the best-correcting spectacle lens, an equally powered standard SCL, and an SCL designed to be aberration free in air. Custom-made and spherical SCLs reduced SA (p<0.001;p<0.05) but did not change total root-mean-square (rms) wave-front aberration (WFA). Aberration-free SCLs increased SA (p<0.05), coma (p<0.05), and total rms WFA. Visual acuity remained unchanged with any of the SCL types compared with the spectacle lens correction. Contrast sensitivity at 6 cycles/degree improved with the custom-made SCLs (p<0.05). Increased coma with aspheric lens designs and uncorrected astigmatism limit the small possible visual benefit from correcting ocular SA with SCLs.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1070) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - acuity
(330.1800) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - contrast sensitivity
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices

History
Original Manuscript: April 8, 2003
Revised Manuscript: November 5, 2003
Manuscript Accepted: December 5, 2003
Published: April 1, 2004

Citation
Holger H. Dietze and Michael J. Cox, "Correcting ocular spherical aberration with soft contact lenses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 473-485 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-21-4-473


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. N. Thibos, “The prospects for perfect vision,” J. Refractive Surg. 16, S540–S546 (2000).
  2. A. Guirao, J. Porter, D. R. Williams, I. G. Cox, “Calculated impact of higher-order monochromatic aberrations on retinal image quality in a population of human eyes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1–9 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Z. Liang, D. R. Williams, D. T. Miller, “Supernormal vision and high-resolution retinal imaging through adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2884–2892 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Williams, G. Y. Yoon, J. Porter, A. Guirao, H. Hofer, I. Cox, “Visual benefit of correcting higher order aberrations of the eye,” J. Refractive Surg. 16, S554–S559 (2000).
  5. G. Y. Yoon, D. R. Williams, “Visual performance after correcting the monochromatic and chromatic aberrations of the eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 266–275 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. Howland, B. Howland, “A subjective method for the measurement of monochromatic aberrations of the eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1508–1518 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Porter, A. Guirao, I. G. Cox, D. R. Williams, “Monochromatic aberrations of the human eye in a large population,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1793–1803 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. J. F. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, P. Artal, “Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population,” Vision Res. 42, 1611–1617 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, X. Cheng, “Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329–2348 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Roorda, D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature (London) 397, 520–522 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. L. N. Thibos, A. Bradley, “Use of liquid-crystal adaptive-optics to alter the refractive state of the eye,” Optom. Vision Sci. 74, 581–587 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Cox, B. A. Holden, “Soft contact lens-induced longitudinal spherical-aberration and its effect on contrast sensitivity,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67, 679–683 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Chateau, A. Blanchard, D. Baude, “Influence of myopia and aging on the optimal spherical aberration of soft contact lenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2589–2596 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. J. de Brabander, N. Chateau, F. Bouchard, S. Guidollet, “Contrast sensitivity with soft contact lenses compensated for spherical aberration in high ametropia,” Optom. Vision Sci. 75, 37–43 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. N. Lopez-Gil, J. F. Castejon-Mochon, A. Benito, J. M. Marin, G. Lo-A-Foe, G. Marin, B. Fermigier, D. Renard, D. Joyeux, N. Chateau, P. Artal, “Aberration generation by contact lenses with aspheric and asymmetric surfaces,” J. Refractive Surg. 18, S603–S609 (2002).
  16. D. A. Atchison, D. H. Scott, M. J. Cox, “Mathematical treatment of ocular aberrations: a user’s guide,” in Vision Science and Its Applications, V. Lakshminarayanan, ed., Vol. 35 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 110–130.
  17. X. Hong, N. Himebaugh, L. N. Thibos, “On-eye evaluation of optical performance of rigid and soft contact lenses,” Optom. Vision Sci. 78, 872–880 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. H. H. Dietze, M. J. Cox, “On- and off-eye spherical aberration of soft contact lenses and consequent changes of effective lens power,” Optom. Vision Sci. 80, 126–135 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. G. T. Bauer, “Longitudinal spherical aberration of soft contact lenses,” Int. Contact Lens Clinics 6, 143–150 (1979).
  20. S. Plainis, W. N. Charman, “On-eye power characteristics of soft contact lenses,” Optom. Vision Sci. 75, 44–54 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Z. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goelz, J. F. Bille, “Objective measurement of wave aberrations of the human eye with the use of a Hartmann–Shack wave-front sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1949–1957 (1994). [CrossRef]
  22. C. A. Hazel, M. J. Cox, N. C. Strang, “Wavefront aberration and its relationship to the accommodative stimulus-response function in myopic subjects,” Optom. Vision Sci. 80, 151–158 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. L. N. Thibos, R. A. Applegate, J. T. Schwiegerling, R. Webb, “Standards for reporting the optical aberrations of eyes,” J. Refractive Surg. 18, S652–S660 (2002).
  24. T. W. Raasch, I. L. Bailey, M. A. Bullimore, “Repeatability of visual acuity measurement,” Optom. Vision Sci. 75, 342–348 (1998). [CrossRef]
  25. P. V. McGraw, B. Winn, L. S. Gray, D. B. Elliott, “Improving the reliability of visual acuity measures in young children,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 20, 173–184 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. G. Pelli, L. Zhang, “Accurate control of contrast on microcomputer displays,” Vision Res. 31, 1337–1350 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. A. H. Mallen, J. S. Wolffsohn, B. Gilmartin, S. Tsujimura, “Clinical evaluation of the Shin–Nippon SRW-5000 autorefractor in adults,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 101–107 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. I. Cox, “Theoretical calculation of the longitudinal spherical-aberration of rigid and soft contact-lenses,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67, 277–282 (1990). [CrossRef]
  29. W. A. Douthwaite, S. Pardhan, “Surface tilt measured with the EyeSys videokeratoscope: influence on corneal asymmetry,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 39, 1727–1735 (1998).
  30. A. Tomlinson, C. A. Schwartz, “The position of the corneal apex in the normal eye,” Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 56, 236–240 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. R. B. Mandell, C. S. Chiang, S. A. Klein, “Location of the major corneal reference points,” Optom. Vision Sci. 72, 776–784 (1995). [CrossRef]
  32. T. O. Salmon, L. N. Thibos, “Videokeratoscope-line-of-sight misalignment and its effect on measurements of corneal and internal ocular aberrations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 657–669 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. D. A. Atchison, “Aberrations associated with rigid contact-lenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2267–2273 (1995). [CrossRef]
  34. A. Tomlinson, W. H. Ridder, R. Watanabe, “Blink-induced variations in visual performance with toric soft contact-lenses,” Optom. Vision Sci. 71, 545–549 (1994). [CrossRef]
  35. X. Cheng, A. Bradley, X. Hong, L. N. Thibos, “Relationship between refractive error and monochromatic aberrations of the eye,” Optom. Vision Sci. 80, 43–49 (2003). [CrossRef]
  36. J. C. He, P. Sun, R. Held, F. Thorn, X. R. Sun, J. E. Gwiazda, “Wavefront aberrations in eyes of emmetropic and moderately myopic school children and young adults,” Vision Res. 42, 1063–1070 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. L. N. Thibos, A. Bradley, X. Hong, “A statistical model of the aberration structure of normal, well-corrected eyes,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 22, 427–433 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. T. L. Simpson, D. Regan, “Test–retest variability and correlations between tests of texture processing, motion processing, visual-acuity, and contrast sensitivity,” Optom. Vision Sci. 72, 11–16 (1995). [CrossRef]
  39. D. B. Elliott, K. Sanderson, A. Conkey, “The reliability of the Pelli–Robson contrast sensitivity chart,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 10, 21–24 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. S. Koh, N. Maeda, T. Kuroda, Y. Hori, H. Watanabe, T. Fujikado, Y. Tano, Y. Hirohara, T. Mihashi, “Effect of tear film break-up on higher-order aberrations measured with wavefront sensor,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 115–117 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. J. C. He, S. A. Burns, S. Marcos, “Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye,” Vision Res. 40, 41–48 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. D. A. Atchison, M. J. Collins, C. F. Wildsoet, J. Christensen, M. D. Waterworth, “Measurement of monochromatic ocular aberrations of human eyes as a function of accommodation by the Howland aberroscope technique,” Vision Res. 35, 313–323 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. H. Hofer, P. Artal, B. Singer, J. L. Aragon, D. R. Williams, “Dynamics of the eye’s wave aberration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 497–506 (2001). [CrossRef]
  44. R. I. Calver, M. J. Cox, D. B. Elliott, “Effect of aging on the monochromatic aberrations of the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2069–2078 (1999). [CrossRef]
  45. J. S. McLellan, S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, “Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations of the human eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 42, 1390–1395 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited