The transmittance, ellipsometric parameters, and depolarization of transmission, diffraction, and reflection of two volume holographic gratings (VHGs) are measured at a wavelength of 632.8 nm. The measured data are in good agreement with the theoretical simulated results, which demonstrated the correlation between the diffraction strength and the polarization properties of a VHG. Vector electromagnetic theory and polarization characterization are necessary for complete interpretation of the diffraction property of a VHG. The diffraction efficiency is measured at 532 nm in a polarization-sensing experiment. The measured data and theoretical simulation have demonstrated the potential application of the holographic beam splitter for polarization-sensor technology.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
Tsu-Wei Nee, Soe-Mie F. Nee, Mark W. Kleinschmit, and M. S. Shahriar, "Polarization of holographic grating diffraction. II. Experiment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 532-539 (2004)