The effects of misarrangement of elements (elemental lenses and elemental images) that construct three-dimensional (3-D) images in integral photography are presented. If the lens arrays of the capturing system and the display system are not aligned accurately, positional errors of elements may occur, causing the 3-D image to be reconstructed in an incorrect position. The relation between positional errors of elements and the reconstructed image is derived. As a result, it is shown that a 3-D image is separated by local positional errors and blurred by global positional errors. In both local and global positional errors, 3-D images reconstructed far from the lens array are greatly affected.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 21, 2003
Revised Manuscript: December 16, 2003
Manuscript Accepted: December 16, 2003
Published: June 1, 2004
Jun Arai, Makoto Okui, Masaki Kobayashi, and Fumio Okano, "Geometrical effects of positional errors in integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 951-958 (2004)