OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1316–1321

Degree of polarization as an objective method of estimating scattering

Juan M. Bueno, Esther Berrio, Maris Ozolinsh, and Pablo Artal  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 21, Issue 7, pp. 1316-1321 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.21.001316


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (572 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A new method of determining objectively the amount of scattered light in an optical system has been developed. It is based on measuring the degree of polarization of the light in images formed after a double pass through the system. A dual apparatus composed of a modified double-pass imaging polarimeter and a wave-front sensor was used to measure polarization properties and aberrations of the system under test. We studied the accuracy of the procedure in a system that included a lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramic plate able to generate variable amounts of scattered light as a function of the applied voltage. Changes in the voltage applied to the ceramics plate modified significantly the scattering contribution while hardly altering the wave-front aberration. The degree of polarization was well correlated with the level of scattering in the system as determined by direct-intensity measurements at the tails of the double-pass images. This indicates that this polarimetric parameter provides accurate relative estimates of the amount of scattering generated in a system. The technique can be used in a number of applications, for example, to determine objectively the amount of scattered light in the human eye.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements
(220.4840) Optical design and fabrication : Testing
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering

History
Original Manuscript: September 16, 2003
Revised Manuscript: January 8, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: January 8, 2004
Published: July 1, 2004

Citation
Juan M. Bueno, Esther Berrio, Maris Ozolinsh, and Pablo Artal, "Degree of polarization as an objective method of estimating scattering," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1316-1321 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-21-7-1316


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. J. Allen, J. J. Vos, “Ocular scattered light and visual performance as a function of age,” Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 44, 717–727 (1967). [CrossRef]
  2. J. K. Ijspeert, P. W. de Waard, T. J. van der Berg, P. T. de Jong, “The intraocular stray-light function in 129 healthy volunteers; dependence on angle, age and pigmentation,” Vision Res. 30, 699–707 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Rousset, “Wavefront sensing,” in Adaptative Optics for Astronomy, D. M. Alloin, J.-M. Mariotti, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1994), Vol. 423, pp. 115–138.
  4. J. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goeltz, J. F. Bille, “Objective measurement of wave aberrations of the human eye with the use of a Hartmann–Shack wave-front sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1949–1957 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. I. Iglesias, E. Berrio, P. Artal, “Estimates of the ocular wave aberration from pairs of double pass retinal images,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2466–2476 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. W. S. Bickel, W. M. Bailey, “Stokes, Mueller matrices, and polarized light scattering,” Am. J. Phys. 53, 468–478 (1985). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Delplanke, “Automated high-speed Mueller matrix scatterometer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5388–5395 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Hielscher, A. A. Eick, J. R. Mourant, D. Shen, J. P. Freyer, I. J. Bigio, “Diffuse backscattering Mueller matrices of highly scattering media,” Opt. Express 1, 441–453 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. D. Cameron, M. J. Rakovic, M. Mehrübeoglu, G. W. Kattawar, S. Rastegar, L. V. Wang, G. L. Coté, “Measurement and calculation of the two-dimensional backscattering Mueller matrix of a turbid medium,” Opt. Lett. 23, 485–487 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. R. A. Chipman, “Polarimetry,” in Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed., M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 22.
  11. J. Santamarı́a, P. Artal, J. Bescós, “Determination of the point-spread function of human eyes using a hybrid optical-digital method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1109–1114 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Artal, I. Iglesias, N. López-Gil, P. G. Green, “Double-pass measurements of the retinal-image quality with unequal entrance and exit pupil sizes and the reversibility of the eye’s optical system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2358–2366 (1995). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Ozolins, I. Lacis, R. Paeglis, A. Sternberg, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Swartling, “Electro-optic PLZT ceramics devices for vision science applications,” Ferroelectrics 273, 131–136 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Bueno, P. Artal, “Double-pass imaging polarimetry in the human eye,” Opt. Lett. 24, 64–66 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. P. M. Prieto, F. Vargas-Martı́n, S. Goelz, P. Artal, “Analysis of the performance of the Hartmann–Shack sensor in the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1388–1398 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. R. J. Noll, “Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 207–211 (1976). [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Bueno, J. Jaronski, “Spatially resolved polarization properties for in vitro corneas,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 384–392 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. Hubbin, L. Noethe, “What is adaptive optics?” Science 262, 1345–1484 (1993).
  19. E. J. Fernández, I. Iglesias, P. Artal, “Closed-loop adaptive optics in the human eye,” Opt. Lett. 26, 746–748 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. G. Indebetouw, P. Klysubun, “Imaging through scattering media with depth resolution by use of low-coherence gatings in spatiotemporal digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 25, 212–214 (2000). [CrossRef]
  21. J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. Van Gemer, J. S. Nelson, “Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 22, 934–936 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. P. Rowe, E. N. Pugh, J. S. Tyo, N. Engheta, “Polarization-difference imaging: a biologically inspired technique for imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 20, 608–610 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited