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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 8 — Aug. 30, 2004
  • pp: 1553–1558

Unified operator approach for deriving Hermite–Gaussian and Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes

Jörg Enderlein and Francesco Pampaloni  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 21, Issue 8, pp. 1553-1558 (2004)

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A unified operator approach is described for deriving Hermite–Gaussian and Laguerre–Gaussian laser beams by using as a starting point a plane-wave-spectrum representation of the electromagnetic field. We show that by using the plane-wave representation of the fundamental Gaussian mode as a seed function, all higher-order beam modes can be derived by acting with differential operators on this fundamental solution. The approach presented can be easily generalized to nonparaxial situations and to include vector effects of the electromagnetic field.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3430) Lasers and laser optics : Laser theory
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

Original Manuscript: November 21, 2003
Revised Manuscript: March 11, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: March 11, 2004
Published: August 1, 2004

Jörg Enderlein and Francesco Pampaloni, "Unified operator approach for deriving Hermite–Gaussian and Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1553-1558 (2004)

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