We present a new algorithm for calculation of the band structure of photonic crystal slabs. This algorithm combines the plane-wave expansion method with perfectly matched layers for the termination of the computational region in the direction out of the plane. In addition, the effective-medium tensor is applied to improve convergence. A general complex eigenvalue problem is then obtained. Two criteria are presented to distinguish the guided modes from the PML modes. As such, this scheme can accurately determine the band structure both above and below the light cone. The convergence of the algorithm presented has been studied. The results obtained by using this algorithm have been compared with those obtained by the finite-difference time-domain method and found to agree very well.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(260.2030) Physical optics : Dispersion
(310.2790) Thin films : Guided waves
Shouyuan Shi, Caihua Chen, and Dennis W. Prather, "Plane-wave expansion method for calculating band structure of photonic crystal slabs with perfectly matched layers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1769-1775 (2004)