OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2005
  • pp: 2239–2245

Spatial frequency tuning of brightness polarity identification

Viljami R. Salmela and Pentti I. Laurinen  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 2239-2245 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.002239


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (543 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that cells in the primary visual cortex can, in addition to borders, also encode surface brightness. Whether the brightness is encoded by a large extraclassical receptive field or by a filling-in type mechanism activated by the luminance border is not known. These explanations imply different spatial frequency tunings for the underlying mechanism. In a psychophysical masking paradigm we measured spatial frequency tuning functions for identification of both luminance polarity (bright/dark) and luminance border orientation of oval and circular luminance patches with variable diameters (0.2-10 deg). For both tasks we obtained nearly overlapping narrow (1.5 octave) bandpass masking tuning functions centered at 1.5-5.0 c/deg. Stimulus size and shape had only minimal effect on the tuning functions. The results favor the idea of brightness filling-in and suggest that the cells activated by the luminance border modulate the activity of the cells signaling surface brightness. Further, the brightness processing mechanism is spatial frequency selective.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.6110) Vision, color, and visual optics : Spatial filtering
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

ToC Category:
Form Perception

Citation
Viljami R. Salmela and Pentti I. Laurinen, "Spatial frequency tuning of brightness polarity identification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 2239-2245 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-22-10-2239


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. R. L. DeValois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, "Spatial frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex," Vision Res. 22, 545-559 (1982).
  2. R. L. DeValois, E. W. Yund, and N. Hepler, "The orientation and direction selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex," Vision Res. 22, 531-544 (1982).
  3. A. F. Rossi, C. D. Rittenhouse, and M. A. Paradiso, "The representation of brightness in primary visual cortex," Science 273, 1104-1107 (1996).
  4. S. P. MacEvoy, W. Kim, and M. A. Paradiso, "Integration of surface information in primary visual cortex," Nat. Neurosci. 1, 616-620 (1998).
  5. A. F. Rossi and M. A. Paradiso, "Neural correlates of perceived brightness in the retina, lateral geniculate nucleus and striate cortex," J. Neurosci. 19, 6145-6156 (1999).
  6. C. P. Hung, B. M. Ramsden, L. M. Chen, and A. W. Roe, "Building surfaces from borders in areas 17 and 18 of the cat," Vision Res. 41, 1389-1407 (2001).
  7. M. Kinoshita and H. Komatsu, "Neural representation of the luminance and brightness of a uniform surface in the macaque primary visual cortex," J. Neurophysiol. 86, 2559-2570 (2001).
  8. H. J. Gerrits and A. J. Vendrik, "Simultaneous contrast, filling-in process and information processing in man's visual system," Exp. Brain Res. 11, 411-430 (1970).
  9. S. Grossberg and D. Todorovic, "Neural dynamics of 1-D and 2-D brightness perception: A unified model of classical and recent phenomena," Percept. Psychophys. 43, 241-277 (1988).
  10. M. A. Paradiso and K. Nakayma, "Brightness perception and filling-in," Vision Res. 31, 1221-1236 (1991).
  11. L. Pessoa, E. Mignolla, and H. Neumann, "A contrast- and luminance-driven multiscale network model of brightness perception," Vision Res. 35, 2201-2223 (1995).
  12. L. Pessoa, "Mach-band attenuation by adjacent stimuli: experiment and filling-in simulations," Perception 25, 452-442 (1996).
  13. M. A. Paradiso and S. Hahn, "Filling-in percepts produced by luminance modulation," Vision Res. 36, 2657-2663 (1996).
  14. M. P. Davey, T. Maddess, and M. V. Srinivasan, "The spatiotemporal properties of the Craik-O'Brien-Cornsweet effect are consistent with 'filling-in'," Vision Res. 38, 2037-2046 (1998).
  15. R. J. Watt and M. J. Morgan, "A theory of the primitive spatial code in human vision," Vision Res. 25, 1661-1674 (1985).
  16. F. Kingdom and B. Moulden, "A multi-channel approach to brightness coding," Vision Res. 32, 1565-1582 (1992).
  17. M. C. Morrone and D. C. Burr, "Feature detection in human vision: a phase-dependent energy model," Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B 235, 221-245 (1988).
  18. F. A. Wichmann and N. J. Hill, "The psychometric function: I. Fitting, sampling and goodness-of-fit," Percept. Psychophys. 63, 1293-1313 (2001a).
  19. F. A. Wichmann and N. J. Hill, "The psychometric function: II. Bootstrap-based confidence intervals and sampling," Percept. Psychophys. 63, 1314-1329 (2001b).
  20. D. H. Hubel and T. N. Wiesel, "Receptive fields and functional architecture of monkey striate cortex," J. Physiol. (London) 195, 215-243 (1968).
  21. D. H. Hubel and T. N. Wiesel, "Receptive fields, binocular interaction and functional architecture in the cat's visual cortex," J. Physiol. (London) 160, 106-154 (1962).
  22. C. Enroth-Cugell and J. G. Robson, "The contrast sensitivity of the retinal ganglion cells of the cat," J. Physiol. (London) 187, 517-552 (1966).
  23. P. Whittle and P. D. C. Challands, "The effect of background luminance on the brightness of flashes," Vision Res. 23, 1095-1110 (1969).
  24. R. Shapley and C. Enroth-Cugell, "Visual adaptation and retinal gain controls," in Progress in Retinal Research Vol. 3, N.Osborne and G.Chader, eds. (Pergamon, 1984), pp. 263-346.
  25. D. H. Parish and G. Sperling, "Object spatial frequencies, retinal spatial frequencies, noise and the efficiency of letter identification," Vision Res. 31, 1399-1415 (1991).
  26. J. A. Solomon and D. G. Pelli, "The visual filter mediating letter identification," Nature (London) 369, 395-397 (1994).
  27. N. J. Majaj, D. G. Pelli, P. Kurshan, and M. Palomares, "The role of spatial frequency channels in letter identification," Vision Res. 42, 1165-1184 (2002).
  28. T. L. Peromaa and P. I. Laurinen, "Separation of edge detection and brightness perception," Vision Res. 44, 1919-1925 (2004).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited