Analysis of transmission of a finite-diameter Gaussian beam by a Fizeau interferential wedge is presented. The fringe calculation is based on angular spectrum expansion of the complex amplitude of the incident wave field. The developed approach is applicable to any beam diameter and wedge thickness at any distance from the wedge and yields as a boundary case the fringes at plane-wave illumination. The spatial region of resonant transmission on the wedge surface is given by the width of the transmitted peak for plane-wave illumination. At higher coating reflectivity, the direction of the transmitted beam is deviated with respect to that of the incident beam. Evaluation of the spectral response based on the spectral width of the transmitted power curve is introduced as more realistic for a correct description of the application of a Fizeau wedge as an interferential selector in laser resonators.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology
Original Manuscript: December 15, 2004
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: April 22, 2005
Published: December 1, 2005
Elena Stoykova, "Transmission of a Gaussian beam by a Fizeau interferential wedge," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 2756-2765 (2005)