OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2005
  • pp: 272–277

Three-dimensional superresolution by three-zone complex pupil filters

Maojin Yun, Liren Liu, Jianfeng Sun, and De’an Liu  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 272-277 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.000272


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (288 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Complex pupil filters are introduced to improve the three-dimensional resolving power of an optical imaging system. Through the design of the essential parameters of such filters, the transmittance and radius of the first zone, three-dimensional superresolution is realized. The Strehl ratio and the transverse and axial gains of such filters are analyzed in detail. A series of simulation examples of such filters are also presented that prove that three-dimensional superresolution can be realized. The advantage of such filters is that it is easy to realize three-dimensional superresolution, and the disadvantage is that the sidelobes of the axial intensity distribution are too high. But this can be overcome by the application of a confocal system.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(120.2440) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Filters

History
Original Manuscript: June 21, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 29, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: August 30, 2004
Published: February 1, 2005

Citation
Maojin Yun, Liren Liu, Jianfeng Sun, and De’an Liu, "Three-dimensional superresolution by three-zone complex pupil filters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 272-277 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-22-2-272


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. Toraldo di Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Nuovo Cimento, Suppl. 9, 426–435 (1952). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Boyer, “New class of axially apodizing filters for confocal scanning microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 584–589 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Gu, T. Tannous, C. J. R. Sheppard, “Effect of an annular pupil on confocal imaging through highly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 21, 312–314 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. C. J. R. Sheppard, “Leaky annular pupils for improved axial imaging,” Optik (Stuttgart) 99, 32–34 (1995).
  5. C. J. R. Sheppard, Z. S. Hegedus, “Axial behavior of pupil plane filters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 643–647 (1988). [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. de Juana, J. E. Oti, V. F. Canales, M. P. Cagigal, “Transverse or axial superresolution in a 4Pi-confocal microscope by phase-only filters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 2172–2178 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. T. R. M. Sales, G. M. Morris, “Diffractive superresolution elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1637–1646 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. T. R. M. Sales, G. M. Morris, “Axial superresolution with phase-only pupil filters,” Opt. Commun. 156, 227–230 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Liu, Y. Yan, Q. Tan, G. Jin, “Theories for the design of diffractive superresolution elements and limits of optical superresolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2185–2193 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Martinez-Corral, P. Andres, C. J. Zapata-Rodriguez, C. J. R. Sheppard, “Improvement of three-dimensional resolution in confocal scanning microscopy by combination of two pupil filters,” Optik (Stuttgart) 107, 145–148 (1998).
  11. M. Martinez-Corral, P. Andres, C. J. Zapata-Rodriguez, M. Kowalczyk, “Three-dimensional superresolution by annular binary filters,” Opt. Commun. 165, 267–278 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Liu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, “Design of three-dimensional superresolution filters and limits of axial optical superresolution,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1463–1476 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Deng, G. Wang, Z. Xu, “3-D superresolution pupil filter,” Chin. J. Lasers A28, 459–462 (2001).
  14. M. Martinez-Corral, V. F. Canales, P. J. Valle, M. P. Cagigal, “Focusing property of annular binary phase filters,” Opt. Commun. 229, 71–77 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. A. I. Whiting, A. F. Abouraddy, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. T. Fourkas, “Polarization-assisted transverse and axial optical superresolution,” Opt. Express 11, 1714–1723 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge U. Press, UK, 1999).
  17. D. M. de Juan, J. E. Oti, V. F. Canales, M. P. Cagigal, “Design of superresolving continuous phase filters,” Opt. Lett. 28, 607–609 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Gu, C. J. R. Sheppard, “Confocal fluorescent microscopy with a finite-sized circular detector,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 643–647 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited