We present an iterative tomographic algorithm to reconstruct refractive-index profiles for meridional planes of the lens of the spherical fish eye from measurements of deflection angles of refracted rays. Numerical simulations show that the algorithm allows accuracy up to the fourth decimal place, provided that the refractive index can be regarded as an analytical function of the radial coordinate and the experimental errors are neglected. An experimental demonstration is given by applying the algorithm to retrieve the refractive-index profile of a spherical fish lens. The method is conceptually simple and does not require matching of the index of the surrounding medium to that of the surface of the lens, and the related iterative algorithm rapidly converges.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(080.2710) Geometric optics : Inhomogeneous optical media
(110.2760) Imaging systems : Gradient-index lenses
(170.6960) Medical optics and biotechnology : Tomography
(290.3030) Scattering : Index measurements
(330.4300) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision system - noninvasive assessment
Eva Acosta, Daniel Vazquez, Leon Garner, and George Smith, "Tomographic method for measurement of the gradient refractive index of the crystalline lens. I. The spherical fish lens," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 424-433 (2005)