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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1293–1303

Three-dimensional converging–diverging Gaussian beam diffraction by a volume grating

Shun-Der Wu, Thomas K. Gaylord, Elias N. Glytsis, and Yu-Ming Wu  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 1293-1303 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.001293


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Abstract

The diffraction characteristics of a volume grating (VG) illuminated by a three-dimensional (3-D) converging–diverging Gaussian beam at conical incidence are investigated by applying 3-D finite-beam (FB) rigorous coupled-wave analysis (RCWA) based on the conventional 3-D RCWA in conjunction with two-dimensional plane-wave decomposition. The Gaussian beam is assumed to have an arbitrary incidence angle, an arbitrary azimuthal angle, and any linear polarization. The two cases with linear polarizations of the central beam of the Gaussian ( E K and H K ) are investigated. The diffraction efficiencies and the diffracted beam profiles for both unslanted VGs and slanted VGs (designed for substrate-mode optical interconnects) are presented. In general, the diffraction efficiencies of a converging–diverging spherical Gaussian beam diffracted by both unslanted VGs and slanted VGs increase and approach the central-beam results as the refractive-index modulation increases.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 26, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: December 29, 2004
Published: July 1, 2005

Citation
Shun-Der Wu, Thomas K. Gaylord, Elias N. Glytsis, and Yu-Ming Wu, "Three-dimensional converging–diverging Gaussian beam diffraction by a volume grating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1293-1303 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-22-7-1293

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