OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1624–1629

Low through channel loss wavelength multiplexer using multiple transmission volume Bragg gratings

Shubhashish Datta, Stephen R. Forrest, Boris Volodin, and Vladimir S. Ban  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 22, Issue 8, pp. 1624-1629 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.001624


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (266 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe a wavelength multiplexer design that employs multiple transmission volume Bragg gratings written in the same region of a photosensitive glass having a through channel loss of < 0.5 dB . A two-channel multiplexer for wavelengths of λ = 1310 and 1550 nm is demonstrated to test our design methods and assumptions. Agreement between simulation and experiment is within 0.2 dB at the peak diffraction efficiency. Grating apodization is used to reduce the interchannel cross talk from ( 13.5 ± 0.5 ) to ( 41.5 ± 8.5 ) dB , with an experimental through channel loss of ( 0.6 ± 0.2 ) dB . Effects of angular dispersion on diffraction efficiency and grating spectral shape due to the finite diameter of the incident reading beam are also analyzed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(230.1360) Optical devices : Beam splitters

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: January 5, 2005
Published: August 1, 2005

Citation
Shubhashish Datta, Boris Volodin, Vladimir S. Ban, and Stephen R. Forrest, "Low through channel loss wavelength multiplexer using multiple transmission volume Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1624-1629 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-22-8-1624


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Hibino, “Recent advances in high-density and large-scale AWG multi/demultiplexers with higher index-contrast silica-based PLCs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1090–1101 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Cuesta, A. Griol, A. Martinez, J. Marti, “Experimental demonstration of photonic crystal directional coupler at microwave frequencies,” Electron. Lett. 39, 455–456 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. K. B. Chung, H. W. Hong, “Wavelength demultiplexers based on the superprism phenomena in photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1549–1551 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, “Thin-film filters come of age,” Photonics Spectra 37, 94–100 (2003).
  5. T. Honda, A. Liu, J. Valera, J. Colvin, K. Sawyer, R. McLeod, “Diffraction compensated free space WDM add–drop module with thin film filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 69–71 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Tong, V. M. Menon, F. Xia, S. R. Forrest, “An asymmetric twin-waveguide eight channel polarization independent arrayed waveguide grating with an integrated photodiode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1170–1172 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Sayano, H. E. Miller, B. Volodin, F. Zhou, N. Karlovac, “Modular WDM add–drop multiplexers,” Proc. SPIE 3234, 102–107 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Planar dielectric grating diffraction theories,” Appl. Phys. B Photophys. Laser Chem. 28, 1–14 (1982). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969). [CrossRef]
  10. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38, 619–627 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. J. E. Pierson, S. D. Stookey, “Method for making photosensitive colored glass,” U.S. patent 4,057,408 (1977).
  12. N. F. Borelli, “Integral photosensitive optical device and method,” U.S. patent 4,514,053 (1985).
  13. S. Datta, C. Li, S. R. Forrest, B. Volodin, S. Dolgy, E. Melnik, V. S. Ban, “Modeling of non-ideal volume Bragg reflection gratings in photosensitive glass using a perturbed transmission matrix approach,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 580–590 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Freed, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, “An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105–1115 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. S. T. Hendow, “Crystal Bragg gratings stabilize laser sources,” Laser Focus World 32, S19–S24 (1996).
  16. N. Kukhtarev, T. Kukhtareva, R. Jones, J. Wang, P. Banerjee, “Real time holography for optical processing using photorefractive crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3793, 90–102 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Orlic, S. Ulm, H. J. Eicher, “3D bit-oriented optical storage in photopolymers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 72–81 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited