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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1655–1661

Single-mode regime of square-lattice photonic crystal fibers

F. Poli, M. Foroni, M. Bottacini, M. Fuochi, N. Burani, L. Rosa, A. Cucinotta, and S. Selleri  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 22, Issue 8, pp. 1655-1661 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.001655


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Abstract

The modal cutoff of square-lattice photonic crystal fibers with a finite number of air-hole rings has been accurately investigated to our knowledge for the first time. By analyzing the leaky behavior of the second-order mode, we have obtained a phase diagram that describes the regions of single-mode and multimode operation as well as the endlessly single-mode regime. Furthermore, starting from these results, we have obtained the cutoff normalized frequency according to two different formulations of the V parameter previously adopted for fibers with a triangular lattice. A final comparison of the cutoff properties of fibers characterized by a square lattice and a triangular lattice has been carried out.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties

History
Original Manuscript: December 7, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 24, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 1, 2005
Published: August 1, 2005

Citation
F. Poli, M. Foroni, M. Bottacini, M. Fuochi, N. Burani, L. Rosa, A. Cucinotta, and S. Selleri, "Single-mode regime of square-lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1655-1661 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-22-8-1655

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