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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2006
  • pp: 651–658

Influence on cladding mode distribution of overlay deposition on long-period fiber gratings

Ignacio Del Villar, Ignacio R. Matias, and Francisco J. Arregui  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 651-658 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.23.000651


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Abstract

A thin overlay of higher refractive index than that of the cladding of a long-period fiber grating induces in cladding modes strong variations in effective index, mode profile, cross-coupling coefficient with the core mode, and self-coupling coefficient. Some conditions must be met in order to obtain the highest inducement. The key parameters are the thickness and the refractive index of the overlay, and the ambient refractive index. Under optimum conditions, the sensitivity of the device to variations in any of the critical parameters is improved in a great manner. The result is large shifts of the attenuation bands in the transmission spectrum. If the refractive index of the overlay is complex, there is an additional phenomenon of vanishing of the attenuation bands in the transmission spectrum. This occurs for specific thickness values of the overlay. The problem is solved in two steps: a vectorial analysis of the modes and the application of coupled-mode theory.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: March 29, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 24, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: August 13, 2005

Citation
Ignacio Del Villar, Ignacio R. Matias, and Francisco J. Arregui, "Influence on cladding mode distribution of overlay deposition on long-period fiber gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 651-658 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-23-3-651

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