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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1978–1988

Experimental and theoretical study of skylight polarization transmitted through Snell’s window of a flat water surface

Shai Sabbah, András Barta, József Gál, Gábor Horváth, and Nadav Shashar  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 23, Issue 8, pp. 1978-1988 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.23.001978


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Abstract

The celestial polarization pattern may be scrambled by refraction at the air–water interface. This polarization pattern was examined in shallow waters with a submersible polarimeter, and it was calculated by using land measurements (“semiempirical predictions”) and models of the skylight polarization. Semiempirically predicted and measured e-vector orientations were significantly similar. Conversely, predicted percent polarization was correlated but lower than measurements. Percent polarization depended on wavelength, where at high sun altitudes maximal percent polarization generally appeared in the UV and red spectral regions. The wavelength dependency of polarization may lead to differential spectral sensitivity in polarization-sensitive animals according to time and type of activity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(170.1420) Medical optics and biotechnology : Biology
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 18, 2005
Revised Manuscript: December 11, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 10, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Shai Sabbah, András Barta, József Gál, Gábor Horváth, and Nadav Shashar, "Experimental and theoretical study of skylight polarization transmitted through Snell's window of a flat water surface," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1978-1988 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-23-8-1978

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