OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2006
  • pp: 2014–2019

Modeling liquid-crystal devices with the three-dimensional full-vector beam propagation method

Qian Wang, Gerald Farrell, and Yuliya Semenova  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 23, Issue 8, pp. 2014-2019 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.23.002014


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (471 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Simulation of light propagation within nematic liquid-crystal (LC) devices is considered, of which the director is aligned normal to the z axis. A three-dimensional full-vector finite-difference beam propagation method for an anisotropic medium is presented and an alternating direction implicit scheme is adopted. Simulations of light propagation in a bulk polarization converter, a waveguide with a LC covering layer, and an integrated polarization splitter and optical switch are presented. Comparison with an existing simulation method is carried out for beam behavior within the bulk polarization converter. The effect of strong surface anchoring of a LC cell on the beam behaviors within the integrated switch is also demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.4430) General : Numerical approximation and analysis
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: August 12, 2005
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 7, 2006

Citation
Qian Wang, Gerald Farrell, and Yuliya Semenova, "Modeling liquid-crystal devices with the three-dimensional full-vector beam propagation method," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 2014-2019 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-23-8-2014


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. N. A. Riza and S. Yuan, "Reconfigurable wavelength add-drop filtering based on a Banyan network topology and ferroelectric liquid crystal fiber-optic switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1575-1584 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Wu, J. Liu, and Y. Chen, "Optical attenuator using polarization modulation and a feedback controller," U.S. patent 5,963,291 (5 October 1999).
  3. K. Hirabayashi and C. Amano, "Liquid-crystal polarization controller arrays on planar waveguide circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 504-506 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Semenova, Y. Panarin, G. Farrell, and S. Dovgalets, "Liquid crystal based optical switches," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 413, 2521-2534 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Y. Lee, J. S. Lin, and S. Y. Wang, "A novel vertical Δκ directional coupler switch using liquid crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 49-54 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. K. C. Lin, W. C. Chuang, and W. Y. Lee, "Proposal and analysis of an ultrashort directional coupler polarization splitter with an NLC coupling layer," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2517-2553 (1996).
  7. D. B. Walker, E. N. Glytsis, and T. K. Gaylord, "Ferroelectric liquid-crystal waveguide modulation based on a switchable uniaxial-uniaxial interface" Appl. Opt. 35, 3016-3030 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Y. Liu and L. W. Chen, "Tunable photonic-crystal waveguide Mach-Zehnder interferometer achieved by nematic liquid-crystal phase modulation," Opt. Express 12, 2616-2624 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Fratalocchi, R. Asquini, and G. Assanto, "Integrated electro-optic switch in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 32-37 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley Interscience, 1999).
  11. D. W. Berreman, "Optics in stratified and anisotropic media: 4×4 matrix formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 505-510 (1972). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Witzigmann, P. Regli, and W. Fichtner, "Rigorous electromagnetic simulation of liquid crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 753-757 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. E. E. Kriezis and S. J. Elston, "Finite-difference time domain method for light wave propagation within liquid crystal devices," Opt. Commun. 165, 99-105 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. E. E. Kriezis and S. J. Elston, "Light wave propagation in liquid crystal displays by the 2D finite-difference time-domain method," Opt. Commun. 177, 69-77 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. E. E. Kriezis and S. J. Elston, "Wide-angle beam propagation method for liquid-crystal device calculations," Appl. Opt. 39, 5707-5714 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. C. L. Xu, W. P. Huang, J. Chrostowski, and S. K. Chaudhuri, "A full-vector beam propagation method for anisotropic waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1926-1931 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. L. Hsueh, M. C. Yang, and H. C. Chang, "Three-dimensional noniterative full-vectorial beam propagation method based on the alternating direction implicit method," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2389-2397 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. G. R. Hadley, "Transparent boundary condition for beam propagation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 363-370 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, W. Lui, and K. Yokoyama, "The perfectly matched layer (PML) for the beam propagation method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 649-651 (1996). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Jungling and J. C. Chen, "A study and optimization of eigenmode calculations using the imaginary-distance beam-propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2098-2105 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. Q. Wang, S. He, F. Yu, and N. Huang, "Iterative finite-difference method for calculating the distribution of a liquid-crystal director," Opt. Eng. 40, 2552-2557 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited