When a fast moving transparent sample (with a speed close to c) is probed with a laser pulse, some artifacts can occur from data analysis. These artifacts are connected to the transit time of the probe through the sample and can mask the presence of a steep gradient of refractive index in the sample. We study this problem in the case of interferometry. In fact, the problem can affect the femtosecond interferometry of the media under ultrafast ionization by a propagating laser pulse. Two algorithms are introduced: the first based on the phase difference and the second based on visibility. Both algorithms allow for the reconstruction, under suitable assumptions, of an approximated refractive index profile from the distorted fringes.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: July 20, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: August 25, 2006
Marco Galimberti, "Probe transit effect in interferometry of fast moving samples," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 304-310 (2007)