OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2007
  • pp: 831–838

Ultrahigh interference spatial compression of light inside the subwavelength aperture of a near-field optical probe

Narkis M. Arslanov and Sergey A. Moiseev  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 831-838 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (545 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Spatial effects of interference and interaction of light modes in the subwavelength part of the near-field optical microscopy probe have been theoretically studied. It was found that the mode interference can lead to higher spatial compression of light (wavelength is equal to 500 nm in free space) within the transverse size of 25 nm inside the probe output aperture of 100 nm in diameter. The results predict a principal possibility of higher spatial resolution in the near-field optical microscopy technique.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(180.0180) Microscopy : Microscopy
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(350.5730) Other areas of optics : Resolution

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 24, 2006
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 2006
Published: February 14, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Narkis M. Arslanov and Sergey A. Moiseev, "Ultrahigh interference spatial compression of light inside the subwavelength aperture of a near-field optical probe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 831-838 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-654 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Betzig and R. J. Chichester, "Single molecules observed by near-field scanning optical microscopy," Science 262, 1422-1425 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Hecht, B. Sick, U. P. Wild, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, O. J. F. Martin, and D. W. Pohl, "Scanning near-field optical microscopy with aperture probes: fundamentals and applications," J. Chem. Phys. 112, 7761-7776 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, "Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit," Science 257, 189-195 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, "Polarization contrast in near-field scanning optical microscopy," Appl. Opt. 31, 4563-4568 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Th. Lacoste, Th. Huser, R. Prioli, and H. Heinzelmann, "Contrast enhancement using polarization-modulation scanning near-field optical microscopy (PM-SNOM)," Ultramicroscopy 71, 333-340 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. H. A. Bethe, "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys. Rev. 66, 163-173 (1944). [CrossRef]
  8. C. J. Bouwkamp, "Diffraction theory," Rep. Prog. Phys. 17, 35-100 (1954). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Roberts, "Small-hole coupling of radiation into a near-field probe," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4045-4049 (1991). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, and P. Regli, "Light propagation through nanometer-sized structures: the two-dimensional-aperture scanning near-field optical microscope," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1768-1778 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. A. L. Gutman, "To the calculation of waveguides with gradually varied cross-section," Radiotekhnika 12, 20-28 (1957) (in Russian).
  12. T. I. Kuznetsova, V. S. Lebedev, and A. M. Tsvelik, "Optical fields inside a conical waveguide with a subwavelength-sized exit hole," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 338-348 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Z. Katsenellenbaum, M. K. A. Thumm, L. Mercader Del Rio, M. Pereyaslavets, and M. Sorolla Ayza, Theory of Nonuniform Waveguides: the Cross-Section Method (IEE, 1998). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Z. Katzenellenbaum, "The non-uniform waveguides with slowly changing parameters," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 102, 711-718 (1955) (in Russian).
  15. N. M. Arslanov and S. A. Moiseev, "Light propagation in scanning near-field optical microscopy probe," in International Workshop on Quantum Optics 2003, V. V. Samartsev, ed., Proc. SPIE 5402, 25-35 (2003).
  16. N. M. Arslanov, "The optimal form of the scanning near-field optical microscopy probe with subwavelength aperture," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 338-344 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. N. M. Arslanov and S. A. Moiseev, "Propagation of the TM and TE electromagnetic fields in the near-field optical microscopy narrowing probe with 50nm aperture radius," Investigated in Russia 237, 2423-2440 (2005) (in Russian); see http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2005/237.pdf.
  18. Ya. L. Alpert, "To the question about the electromagnetic waves propagation in the pipes," Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 1358-1364 (1940) (in Russian).
  19. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1975).
  20. L. Novotny and C. Hafner, "Light propagation in a cylindrical waveguide with a complex, metallic, dielectric function," Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094-4106 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. M. A. Leontovich, Investigations of Spreading Radiowave (Microwave) (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1948), Part. II (in Russian).
  22. R. Stockle, C. Fokas, V. Deckert, and R. Zenobi, "High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 160-170 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. J. A. Veerman, A. M. Otter, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "High definition aperture probes for near-field optical microscopy fabricated by focused ion beam milling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3115-3125 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. D. Zeisel, S. Nettesheim, B. Dutoit, and R. Zenobi, "Pulsed laser-induced desorption and optical imaging on a nanometer scale with scanning near-field microscopy using chemically etched fiber tips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2491-2492 (1996). [CrossRef]
  25. L. A. Vainstein, The Diffraction Theory and Method of Factorization (Soviet Radio, 1966).
  26. L. A. Vainstein, "Irradiation of the asymmetrical electromagnetic waves from the open end of circular waveguide," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 74, 485-488 (1950) (in Russian).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited