OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Steven A. Burns
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2758–2765

Network of sensors: acquisition probability

Shlomi Arnon  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2758-2765 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (575 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A network of sensors is considered one of the most attractive remote sensing technologies available at present. In the system under consideration a network of sensors and a remote base station communicate using optical wireless links. This is accomplished by a base station that acquires and identifies sensors using a unique subcarrier frequency. The sensors use an active retroreflector to communicate with the base station, which reduces the complexity, cost, and power consumption of the sensors. The base station employs an imaging receiver (detector matrix), in which signals arriving from different directions are detected by different pixels. The imaging receiver mitigates ambient light noise and interference between simultaneous uplink transmissions from different sensors, provided that the transmissions are imaged onto disjoint sets of pixels. We describe a scheme that allows simultaneous acquisition and identification of a sensor in a network by an imaging receiver. A probability model of erroneous acquisition of this scheme due to noise is derived. The model’s results indicate that the matrix size, the signal, and the noise powers have the greatest influence in determining acquisition probability.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: August 4, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 22, 2007
Published: August 3, 2007

Shlomi Arnon, "Network of sensors: acquisition probability," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2758-2765 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Y. Chong and S. P. Kumar, "Sensor networks: evolution, opportunities, and challenges," Proc. IEEE 91, 1247-1256 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Kedar and S. Arnon, "Laser "firefly" clustering; a new concept in atmospheric probing," Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci.: Biol. Sci. 15, 1672-1674 (2003).
  3. D. Kedar and S. Arnon, "Second generation laser firefly clusters: an improved scheme for distributed sensing in the atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 44, 984-992 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Arnon, "Deriving an upper bound on the average operation lifetime of a wireless sensor network," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 154-156 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Gharavi and K. Ban, "Master-slave cluster-based multihop ad-hoc networking," Electron. Lett. 38, 1756-1757 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Mao and J. M. Kahn, "Free-space heterochronous imaging reception of multiple optical signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 269-279 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. B. A. Warneke, M. D. Scott, B. S. Liebowitz, L. Zhou, C. L. Bellew, J. A. Chediak, J. M. Kahn, B. E. Boser, and K. S. J. Pister, "An autonomous 16 mm3 solar-powered node for distributed wireless sensor networks," in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Sensors (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1510-1515.
  8. S. Arnon and N. S. Kopeika, "Adaptive sub-optimum detection of optical pulse-position-modulation signal with detection matrix and centroid tracking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 443-448 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communication, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1995).
  10. W. S. Rabinovich, P. G. Goetz, R. Mahon, E. Waluschka, D. S. Katzer, S. C. Binari, M. L. Biermann, and G. C. Gilbreath, "A cat's eye quantum well modulating retro-reflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 401-403 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Sjöqvist, E. Hällstig, J. Öhgren, and L. Allard, D. Ågren, S. Junique, Q. Wang, B. Noharet, D. Engström, and S. Hård, "A novel free-space retrocommunication link," Proc. SPIE 5614, 10-23 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Arnon, "Optical wireless communication," in Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering (EOE), R.G.Driggers, ed. (Dekker, 2003), pp. 1866-1886.
  13. J. G. Proakis and D. Manolakis, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing (Maxwell Macmillan, 1988).
  14. B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Oxford, 1998).
  15. J. R. Barry, Wireless Infrared Communications (Kluwer, 1994). [CrossRef]
  16. R. You and J. M. Kahn, "Average power reduction techniques for multiple-subcarrier intensity-modulated optical signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 2164-2171 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. T. E. Darcie, "Subcarrier multiplexing for lightwave networks and video distribution systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1240-1248 (1990). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Stuber, Principles of Mobile Communication, 2nd ed. (Kluwer, 2000).
  19. W. S. Rabinovich, R. Mahon, H. R. Burris, G. C. Gilbreath, P. G. Goetz, C. I. Moore, M. F. Stell, M. J. Vilcheck, J. L. Witkowsky, L. Swingen, M. R. Suite, E. Oh, and J. Koplow, "Free-space optical communications link at 1550 nm using multiple-quantum-well modulating retroreflectors in a marine environment," Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 55, 056001 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Schwartz, Information transmission, modulation, and Noise: a Unified Approach to Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1980).
  21. X. Zhu and J. M. Kahn, "Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited