OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Steven A. Burns
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2891–2901

Complex degree of coherence for partially coherent general beams in atmospheric turbulence

Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, Yahya Baykal, and Yangjian Cai  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2891-2901 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.24.002891


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3090 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

With the use of the general beam formulation, the modulus of the complex degree of coherence for partially coherent cosh-Gaussian, cos-Gaussian, Gaussian, annular and higher-order Gaussian optical beams is evaluated in atmospheric turbulence. For different propagation lengths in horizontal atmospheric links, the moduli of the complex degree of coherence at the source and receiver planes are examined when reference points are taken on the receiver axis and off-axis. In the on-axis case, it is observed that in propagation, the moduli of the complex degree of coherence are symmetrical and look like the intensity profile of the related coherent beam propagating in a turbulent atmosphere. For all the beams considered, the moduli of the complex degree of coherence profiles turn into Gaussian shapes beyond certain propagation lengths. In the off-axis case, the moduli of complex degree of coherence patterns become drifted at the earlier propagation lengths. Among the beams investigated, the cos-Gaussian beam is found to be almost independent of the changes in the source partial coherence parameter, and the annular beam seems to be affected the most against the variations of the source partial coherence parameter.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and oceanic optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 3, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 27, 2007
Published: August 21, 2007

Citation
Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, Yahya Baykal, and Yangjian Cai, "Complex degree of coherence for partially coherent general beams in atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2891-2901 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-24-9-2891


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. L. Ho, "Coherence degradation of Gaussian beams in a turbulent atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 667-673 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. A. I. Kon and V. I. Tatarskii, "On the theory of the propagation of partially coherent light beams in a turbulent atmosphere," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 15, 1187-1192 (1972). [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Leader, "Atmospheric propagation of partially coherent radiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 175-185 (1978). [CrossRef]
  4. S. C. H. Wang and M. A. Plonus, "Optical beam propagation for a partially coherent source in the turbulent atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1297-1307 (1979). [CrossRef]
  5. R. L. Fante, "Intensity fluctuations of an optical wave in a turbulent medium. Effect of source coherence," Opt. Acta 28, 1203-1207 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Baykal, M. A. Plonus, and S. J. Wang, "The scintillations for weak atmospheric turbulence using a partially coherent source," Radio Sci. 18, 551-556 (1983). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Baykal and M. A. Plonus, "Intensity fluctuations due to a spatially partially coherent source in atmospheric turbulence as predicted by Rytov's method," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2124-2132 (1985). [CrossRef]
  8. L. C. Andrews, C. Y. Young, and W. B. Miller, "Coherence properties of a reflected optical wave in atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 851-861 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Okayama and L. Z. Wang, "Measurement of the spatial coherence of light influenced by turbulence," Appl. Opt. 38, 2342-2345 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Ricklin and F. M. Davidson, "Atmospheric turbulence effects on a partially coherent Gaussian beam: implications for free-space laser communication," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1794-1802 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Dogariu and S. Amarande, "Propagation of partially coherent beams: turbulence-induced degradation," Opt. Lett. 28, 10-12 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. Korotkova, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, "Model for a partially coherent Gaussian beam in atmospheric turbulence with application in Lasercom," Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 43, 330-341 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Salem, O. Korotkova, A. Dogariu, and E. Wolf, "Polarization changes in partially coherent electromagnetic beams propagating through turbulent atmosphere," Waves Random Complex Media 14, 513-523 (2004).
  14. E. Tervonen, A. T. Friberg, and J. Turunen, "Gaussian Schell-model beams generated with synthetic acousto-optic holograms," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 796-803 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. Q. S. He, J. Turunen, and A. T. Friberg, "Propagation and imaging experiments with Gaussian Schell-model beams," Opt. Commun. 67, 245-250 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Cai and S. He, "Propagation of a partially coherent twisted anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model beam in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041117 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Lu, L. Liu, J. Sun, Q. Yang, and Y. Zhu, "Change in degree of coherence of partially coherent electromagnetic beams propagating through atmospheric turbulence," Opt. Commun. 271, 1-8 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. H. T. Eyyuboglu and Y. Baykal, "Analysis of reciprocity of cos-Gaussian and cosh-Gaussian laser beams in turbulent atmosphere," Opt. Express 12, 4659-4674 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. T. Eyyuboglu and Y. Baykal, "Average intensity and spreading of cosh-Gaussian laser beams in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 44, 976-983 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. T. Eyyuboglu, S. Altay, and Y. Baykal, "Propagation characteristics of higher-order annular Gaussian beams in atmospheric turbulence," Opt. Commun. 264, 25-34 (2006).
  21. Ç. Arpali, C. Yazicioglu, H. T. Eyyuboglu, S. A. Arpali, and Y. Baykal, "Simulator for general-type beam propagation in turbulent atmosphere," Opt. Express 14, 8918-8928 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Baykal, "Formulation of correlations for general-type beams in atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 889-893 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Baykal and H. T. Eyyuboglu, "Effect of source spatial partial coherence on the angle-of-arrival fluctuations for free space optics links," Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 45, 056001 (2006). [CrossRef]
  24. I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series and Products (Academic, 2000).
  25. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media (SPIE, 2005). [CrossRef]
  26. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995), Chap. 5.
  27. H. T. Eyyuboglu, Y. Baykal, and E. Sermutlu, "Convergence of general beams into Gaussian intensity profiles after propagation in turbulent atmosphere," Opt. Commun. 265, 399-405 (2006).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited