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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2503–2511

Two-wavelength interferometry: extended range and accurate optical path difference analytical estimator

Kamel Houairi and Frédéric Cassaing  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 26, Issue 12, pp. 2503-2511 (2009)

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Two-wavelength interferometry combines measurement at two wavelengths λ 1 and λ 2 in order to increase the unambigous range (UR) for the measurement of an optical path difference. With the usual algorithm, the UR is equal to the synthetic wavelength Λ = λ 1 λ 2 | λ 1 λ 2 | , and the accuracy is a fraction of Λ. We propose here a new analytical algorithm based on arithmetic properties, allowing estimation of the absolute fringe order of interference in a noniterative way. This algorithm has nice properties compared with the usual algorithm: it is at least as accurate as the most accurate measurement at one wavelength, whereas the UR is extended to several times the synthetic wavelength. The analysis presented shows how the actual UR depends on the wavelengths and different sources of error. The simulations presented are confirmed by experimental results, showing that the new algorithm has enabled us to reach an UR of 17.3 μ m , much larger than the synthetic wavelength, which is only Λ = 2.2 μ m . Applications to metrology and fringe tracking are discussed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.5100) Imaging systems : Phased-array imaging systems
(120.2650) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fringe analysis
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: July 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2009
Published: November 4, 2009

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November 25, 2009 Spotlight on Optics

Kamel Houairi and Frédéric Cassaing, "Two-wavelength interferometry: extended range and accurate optical path difference analytical estimator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 2503-2511 (2009)

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