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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Stephen A. Burns
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2009
  • pp: 847–861

Relationship between threshold and suprathreshold perception of position and stereoscopic depth

Saumil S. Patel, Harold E. Bedell, Dorcas K. Tsang, and Michael T. Ukwade  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 26, Issue 4, pp. 847-861 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.26.000847


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Abstract

We seek to determine the relationship between threshold and suprathreshold perception for position offset and stereoscopic depth perception under conditions that elevate their respective thresholds. Two threshold-elevating conditions were used: (1) increasing the interline gap and (2) dioptric blur. Although increasing the interline gap increases position (Vernier) offset and stereoscopic disparity thresholds substantially, the perception of suprathreshold position offset and stereoscopic depth remains unchanged. Perception of suprathreshold position offset also remains unchanged when the Vernier threshold is elevated by dioptric blur. We show that such normalization of suprathreshold position offset can be attributed to the topographical-map-based encoding of position. On the other hand, dioptric blur increases the stereoscopic disparity thresholds and reduces the perceived suprathreshold stereoscopic depth, which can be accounted for by a disparity-computation model in which the activities of absolute disparity encoders are multiplied by a Gaussian weighting function that is centered on the horopter. Overall, the statement “equal suprathreshold perception occurs in threshold-elevated and unelevated conditions when the stimuli are equally above their corresponding thresholds” describes the results better than the statement “suprathreshold stimuli are perceived as equal when they are equal multiples of their respective threshold values.”

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1400) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - binocular and stereopsis
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.6130) Vision, color, and visual optics : Spatial resolution
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 30, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 22, 2009
Published: March 18, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Saumil S. Patel, Harold E. Bedell, Dorcas K. Tsang, and Michael T. Ukwade, "Relationship between threshold and suprathreshold perception of position and stereoscopic depth," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 847-861 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-26-4-847

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