A procedure for the synthesis of the most general electromagnetic Schell-model light source is proposed. It makes use of the generalized van Cittert–Zernike theorem to produce the electromagnetic source starting from a primary spatially incoherent source, characterized by a suitable position-dependent polarization matrix. By resorting to the spectral decomposition of the polarization matrix, it is shown how such an incoherent source can be synthesized by using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, with suitable amplitude transmittances placed in its arms, fed by two mutually uncorrelated laser beams. Examples are given for the case of electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-model sources.
© 2009 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 25, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 12, 2009
Published: May 26, 2009
M. Santarsiero, R. Borghi, and V. Ramírez-Sánchez, "Synthesis of electromagnetic Schell-model sources," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1437-1443 (2009)