OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2010
  • pp: 2514–2523

Phase filtering in nonlinear-imaging technique with a phase object

Min Shui, Xinyu Luo, Xueru Zhang, Xiao Jin, Changwei Li, Junyi Yang, Zhongguo Li, Guang Shi, Kun Yang, Yuxiao Wang, and Yinglin Song  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 27, Issue 11, pp. 2514-2523 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (572 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Using the nonlinear-imaging technique with a phase object (NIT-PO), we have studied third-order nonlinearities of various samples. In this work, we develop, for pure nonlinear refractive materials, an approximate method to calculate the nonlinear refractive coefficient analytically. By decomposing the object field passing through the phase object into two top-hat beams of different phases and beam radius, we acquire the approximate phase contrast, from which we extract the nonlinear refractive coefficient. This approximation is valid when the on-axis nonlinear phase shift by the sample is less than π. In addition, this approximation serves to estimate the sensitivity and monotonic interval for nonlinearity measurements more easily and thus helps us to maximize both the sensitivity and monotonic interval of measurements. We test this method with CS 2 , a well-characterized third-order nonlinear refractive material using 21  ps laser pulses at 532 nm . We expect this method can be applied to high-order nonlinear refraction cases.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(120.5060) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase modulation
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: May 7, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 25, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 28, 2010
Published: October 29, 2010

Min Shui, Xinyu Luo, Xueru Zhang, Xiao Jin, Changwei Li, Junyi Yang, Zhongguo Li, Guang Shi, Kun Yang, Yuxiao Wang, and Yinglin Song, "Phase filtering in nonlinear-imaging technique with a phase object," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2514-2523 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, “Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813-1–053813-6 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Boudebs and Cid B. de Araijo, “Characterization of light-induced modification of the nonlinear refractive index using a one-laser-shot nonlinear imaging technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3740–3742 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. J.-L. Godet, H. Derbal, S. Cherukulappurath, and G. Boudebs, “Optimization and limits of optical nonlinear measurements using imaging technique,” Eur. Phys. J. D 39, 307–312 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Yang, and Y. Song, “Optimization of phase objects in 4f coherent imaging system for nonlinear refraction measurements,” Opt. Commun. 266, 686–690 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Li, K. Yang, X. Zhang, Q. Chang, Y. Wang, and Y. Song, “The study of the nonlinear absorption in the nonlinear-imaging technique with phase object,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3913–3918 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Rativa, R. E. de Araujo, A. S. L. Gomes, and B. Vohsen, “Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 17, 22047–22053 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1992).
  9. A. Roorda, F. Romero-Borja, W. Donnelly, H. Queener, T. Hebert, and M. Campbell, “Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy,” Opt. Express 10, 405–412 (2002). [PubMed]
  10. B. Vohnsen, I. Iglesias, and P. Artal, “Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope with adaptive optical wavefront correction,” Proc. SPIE 4964, 24–32 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Bueno, B. Vohnsen, L. Roso, and P. Artal, “Temporal wavefront stability of an ultrafast high-power laser beam,” Appl. Opt. 48, 770–777 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited