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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2010
  • pp: A76–A83

Real-time turbulence profiling with a pair of laser guide star Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensors for wide-field adaptive optics systems on large to extremely large telescopes

L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 27, Issue 11, pp. A76-A83 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.27.000A76


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Abstract

Real-time turbulence profiling is necessary to tune tomographic wavefront reconstruction algorithms for wide-field adaptive optics (AO) systems on large to extremely large telescopes, and to perform a variety of image post-processing tasks involving point-spread function reconstruction. This paper describes a computationally efficient and accurate numerical technique inspired by the slope detection and ranging (SLODAR) method to perform this task in real time from properly selected Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor measurements accumulated over a few hundred frames from a pair of laser guide stars, thus eliminating the need for an additional instrument. The algorithm is introduced, followed by a theoretical influence function analysis illustrating its impulse response to high-resolution turbulence profiles. Finally, its performance is assessed in the context of the Thirty Meter Telescope multi-conjugate adaptive optics system via end-to-end wave optics Monte Carlo simulations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing

History
Original Manuscript: April 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 6, 2010
Published: August 31, 2010

Citation
L. Gilles and B. L. Ellerbroek, "Real-time turbulence profiling with a pair of laser guide star Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensors for wide-field adaptive optics systems on large to extremely large telescopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A76-A83 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-27-11-A76

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