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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2010
  • pp: 730–738

Relative importance of sources of chromatic refractive error in the human eye

Charles E. Campbell  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 27, Issue 4, pp. 730-738 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.27.000730


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Abstract

The relative importance of the various optical elements of the human eye are analyzed to determine which contribute most to the chromatic variance in total refractive power of the eye. The concept of differential dispersion, defined as the change in the difference in index of refraction across a refractive surface with change in wavelength, is used to provide a theoretical tool for this analysis. The theoretical treatment shows that almost all the chromatic effect will be caused by the air–tear interface. Calculations of model eyes are made that support this view. Four model eyes are examined, an emmetropic eye, a hyperopic eye, a myopic eye, and an emmetropic eye accommodating 2.5 D .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.1010) Geometric optics : Aberrations (global)
(080.2710) Geometric optics : Inhomogeneous optical media
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 25, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 2, 2010
Published: March 15, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Charles E. Campbell, "Relative importance of sources of chromatic refractive error in the human eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 730-738 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-27-4-730


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References

  1. D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, “Chromatic dispersions of the ocular media of human eyes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 29-37 (2005). [CrossRef]
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  4. C. E. Jones, D. A. Atchison, R. Meder, and J. M. Pope, “Refractive index distribution and optical properties of the isolated human lens measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),” Vision Res. 45, 2352-2366 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. W. N. Charman, “Optics of the eye,” in Handbook of Optics, Vol. 1, M.Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), p. 24.18.

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