OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2010
  • pp: 1505–1509

Analytical model of non-line-of-sight single-scatter propagation

Hongwei Yin, Shengli Chang, Xiaofeng Wang, Jiankun Yang, Juncai Yang, and Jichun Tan  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 27, Issue 7, pp. 1505-1509 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (336 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An analytical model of non-line-of-sight (NLOS) single-scatter propagation is presented that has no integral form and is intended for performance analysis and system design of NLOS UV communication. Based on isotropic scattering and a continuous wave transmitter, the analytical model is verified by the current NLOS single-scatter propagation model, with consistent results. Several rules concerning NLOS UV communication are put forward on the basis of this analytical model, which are shown as follows: on condition that the minimum single-scatter optical depth is less than 0.1, the path loss factor should be 1; to maintain the NLOS UV communication link, the transmitter needs to radiate neither a continuous wave nor a huge pulse but a low-power wave whose duration is approximately the duration of impulse response; the “best” extinction coefficient is approximately the inverse ratio of the efficient single-scatter range; on condition that the radiation intensity of the transmitter is fixed, the half field of views (FOVs) are positive factors, while the elevation angles are negative factors; on condition that the power of the transmitter is fixed, the conclusions mentioned above remain valid with the exception that the half FOV of the transmitter is a negative factor. These rules also apply to anisotropic scattering.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(290.1310) Scattering : Atmospheric scattering
(290.5825) Scattering : Scattering theory

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 29, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 6, 2010
Published: May 28, 2010

Hongwei Yin, Shengli Chang, Xiaofeng Wang, Jiankun Yang, Juncai Yang, and Jichun Tan, "Analytical model of non-line-of-sight single-scatter propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1505-1509 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. E. Sunstein, “A scatter communications link at ultraviolet frequencies,” Master’s thesis (MIT, 1968).
  2. D. M. Reilly and C. Warde, “Temporal characteristics of single-scatter radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 69, 464–470 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. M. R. Luettgen, J. H. Shapiro, and D. M. Reilly, “Non-line-of-sight single-scatter propagation model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 8, 1964–1972 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Xu, “Approximate performance analysis of wireless ultraviolet links,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Vol. 67 (IEEE Signal Processing Society, 2007).
  5. Z. Xu, H. Ding, and B. M. Sadler, “Analytical performance study of solar blind non-line of sight ultraviolet short-range communication links,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1860–1862 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Yin, S. Chang, and H. Jia, “Non-line-of-sight multiscatter propagation model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 2466–2469 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Ding, G. Chen, A. K. Majumdar, B. M. Sadler, and Z. Xu, “Modeling of non-line-of-sight ultraviolet scattering channels for communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1535–1544 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. D. M. Reilly, D. T. Moriarty, and J. A. Maynard, “Unique properties of solar blind ultraviolet communication systems for unattended ground sensor networks,” Proc. SPIE 5611, 244-254 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. G. A. Shaw, A. M. Siegel, and J. Model, “Extending the range and performance of non-line-of-sight ultraviolet communication links,” Proc. SPIE 62310C, 1–12 (2006).
  10. G. Chen, F. Abou-Galala, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, “Experimental evaluation of LED-based solar blind NLOS communication links,” Opt. Express 16, 15059–15068 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Chen, Z. Xu, H. Ding, and B. M. Sadler, “Path loss modeling and performance trade-off study for shortrange non-line-of-sight ultraviolet communications,” Opt. Express 17, 3929–3940 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited