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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2010
  • pp: 1977–1984

Double-tailored nonimaging reflector optics for maximum-performance solar concentration

Alex Goldstein and Jeffrey M. Gordon  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 27, Issue 9, pp. 1977-1984 (2010)

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A nonimaging strategy that tailors two mirror contours for concentration near the étendue limit is explored, prompted by solar applications where a sizable gap between the optic and absorber is required. Subtle limitations of this simultaneous multiple surface method approach are derived, rooted in the manner in which phase space boundaries can be tailored according to the edge-ray principle. The fundamental categories of double-tailored reflective optics are identified, only a minority of which can pragmatically offer maximum concentration at high collection efficiency. Illustrative examples confirm that acceptance half-angles as large as 30 mrad can be realized at a flux concentration of 1000 .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy
(080.4295) Geometric optics : Nonimaging optical systems
(080.4298) Geometric optics : Nonimaging optics

Original Manuscript: March 25, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 7, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 12, 2010
Published: August 12, 2010

Alex Goldstein and Jeffrey M. Gordon, "Double-tailored nonimaging reflector optics for maximum-performance solar concentration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1977-1984 (2010)

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  1. R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, and P. Benítez, with contributions by N. Shatz and J. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics (Elsevier, 2005), Chaps. 8, 10, and 13.
  2. J. M. Gordon and D. Feuermann, “Optical performance at the thermodynamic limit with tailored imaging designs,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2327–2331 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. M. Gordon, D. Feuermann, and P. Young, “Unfolded aplanats for high-concentration photovoltaics,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1114–1116 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Ostroumov, J. M. Gordon, and D. Feuermann, “Panorama of dual-mirror aplanats for maximum concentration,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4926–4931 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. M. Gordon, “Aplanatic optics for solar concentration,” Opt. Express 18, A41–A52 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Miñano and J. C. González, “New method of design of nonimaging concentrators,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3051–3060 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Benítez and J. C. Miñano, “Ultrahigh-numerical-aperture imaging concentrator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1988–1997 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Benítez, R. Garcia, and J. C. Miñano, “Contactless efficient two-stage solar concentrators for tubular absorber,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7119–7124 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. The notation formulated in the original SMS papers refers to dual-mirror optics as “XX.” We demur from using this term in order to avoid prurient misconstrual.
  10. H. Ries and A. Rabl, “Edge-ray principle of nonimaging optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2627–2632 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Goldstein and J. M. Gordon, “New classes of maximum-concentration practical and robust photovoltaic concentrators with liberal optical tolerance based on dual-mirror optics,” Proc. SPIE 7769, 7769-4 (to be published).
  12. In practice, concentrator construction is terminated when the étendue transfer between the secondary mirror and the absorber becomes equal to the étendue of an absorber irradiated uniformly both spatially and in projected solid angle up to a cutoff at NAout.
  13. J. Chaves, Introduction to Nonimaging Optics (CRC, 2008), Chap. 8. [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Gordon, E. A. Katz, D. Feuermann, and M. Huleihil, “Toward ultra-high-flux photovoltaic concentration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3642–3644 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. E. A. Katz, J. M. Gordon, W. Tassew, and D. Feuermann, “Photovoltaic characterization of concentrator solar cells by localized irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 044514 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. O. Korech, B. Hirsch, E. A. Katz, and J. M. Gordon, “High-flux characterization of ultra-small multi-junction concentrator solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 064101 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. R. Winston, P. Benítez, and A. Cvetkovic, “High-concentration mirror-based Köhler integrating system for tandem solar cells,” Proc. SPIE 6342, 634213 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Benítez, J. C. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel-based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18, A25–A40 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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