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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1979–1989

Effects of primary spherical aberration, coma, astigmatism and field curvature on the focusing of ultrashort pulses: homogenous illumination

M. A. González-Galicia, M. Rosete-Aguilar, J. Garduño-Mejía, N. C. Bruce, and R. Ortega-Martínez  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 28, Issue 10, pp. 1979-1989 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.28.001979


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Abstract

We analyze the spatiotemporal intensity of pulses with durations of 20 fs and shorter and a carrier wavelength of 810 nm at the paraxial focal plane of an achromatic doublet lens. The incident pulse is well-collimated, and we use the Seidel aberration theory for thin lenses to evaluate the phase change due to the aberrations of the lens. In a set of cemented thin lenses with the stop at the lens, there is only spherical aberration, coma, astigmatism and field curvature, whereas the distortion aberration in the phase front is zero. We analyze the effect of these aberrations in the focusing of ultrashort pulses for homogenous illumination. We will show that the temporal spreading introduced by these aberrations in pulses shorter than 20 fs at 810 nm is very small but the spatial spreading is not, which reduces the intensity of the pulse considerably.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.1010) Optical design and fabrication : Aberrations (global)
(220.3630) Optical design and fabrication : Lenses
(320.0320) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast optics
(320.1590) Ultrafast optics : Chirping
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 13, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 4, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2011
Published: September 6, 2011

Citation
M. A. González-Galicia, M. Rosete-Aguilar, J. Garduño-Mejía, N. C. Bruce, and R. Ortega-Martínez, "Effects of primary spherical aberration, coma, astigmatism and field curvature on the focusing of ultrashort pulses: homogenous illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 1979-1989 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-28-10-1979

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