The article concerns an investigation of the Fresnel diffraction characteristics of two types of phase optical elements under Gaussian laser beam illumination. Both elements provide an azimuthal periodicity of the phase retardation. The first element possesses azimuthal cosine-profiled phase changes deposited on a plane base. The second element is a combination of the first element and a thin phase axicon. The cosine profile of the phase retardation of both diffractive elements produces an azimuthal cosine-profiled modulation on their diffractograms. It destroys the vortex characteristics of their diffraction fields.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 30, 2011
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 12, 2011
Published: November 10, 2011
Suzana Topuzoski and Ljiljana Janicijevic, "Diffraction characteristics of optical elements designed as phase layers with cosine-profiled periodicity in the azimuthal direction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 2465-2472 (2011)