OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2011
  • pp: 511–516

Correcting cross-media instrument metamerism for reflectance estimation in multispectral imaging

Hui-Liang Shen, Chen-Wei Weng, Hui-Jiang Wan, and John H. Xin  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 511-516 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (325 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In multispectral imaging, the color accuracy of spectral reflectance estimation degrades significantly if the medium of test samples is different from that of calibration samples. This occurs mainly for two reasons, i.e., the different characteristics of spectral reflectances and the different measurement principles between an imaging system and a spectrophotometer. In this paper, this problem is referred to as cross-media instrument metamerism. We propose to correct it by using calibration samples from a standard color chart and a limited number of tuning samples with a target medium as a priori knowledge. The reflectance transform is computed by using both calibration and tuning samples, and the metamerism transform is calculated by modeling the correlation of camera responses between neighboring imaging channels. Experimental results show that the proposed method produces satisfactory spectral and colorimetric accuracy in reflectance estimation. The method could be deployed in practical applications when the available samples of certain media are inadequate for accurate reflectance estimation in a multispectral imaging system.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1710) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color, measurement
(330.1730) Vision, color, and visual optics : Colorimetry
(110.4234) Imaging systems : Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: August 10, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 16, 2011
Published: March 7, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Hui-Liang Shen, Chen-Wei Weng, Hui-Jiang Wan, and John H. Xin, "Correcting cross-media instrument metamerism for reflectance estimation in multispectral imaging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 511-516 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Hardeberg, “Acquisition and reproduction of color images: colorimetric and multispectral approaches,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, 1999).
  2. N. Shimano, “Recovery of spectral reflectances of objects being imaged without prior knowledge,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 15, 1848–1856 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Shimano and M. Hironaga, “Recovery of spectral reflectances of imaged objects by the use of features of spectral reflectances,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 251–258 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Urban, M. R. Rosen, and R. S. Berns, “Spectral image reconstruction using an edge preserving spatio-spectral wiener estimation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1865–1875 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. H. L. Shen, J. H. Xin, and S. J. Shao, “Improving reflectance reconstruction for multispectal imaging by combining different techniques,” Opt. Express 15, 5531–5536 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X-Rite Inc., http://www.xrite.com/.
  7. G. Hong, M. R. Luo, and P. A. Rhodes, “A study of digital camera colorimetric characterization based on polynomial modeling,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 76–84 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. H. L. Shen and J. H. Xin, “Colorimetric and spectral characterization of a color scanner using local statistics,” J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 48, 342–346 (2004).
  9. Y. Murakami, T. Obi, M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, and Y. Komiya, “Spectral reflectance estimation from multi-band image using color chart,” Opt. Commun. 188, 47–54 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. S. Chung, J. H. Xin, and K. M. Sin, “Improvement of inter-instrumental agreement for reflectance spectrophotometers,” Color Technol. 120, 284–292 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, “Geometric considerations and nomenclature for reflectance,” Monograph 160 (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1997).
  12. W. K. Pratt, Digital Image Processing4th ed. (Wiley, 2007). [CrossRef]
  13. M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 colour-difference formula: CIEDE2000,” Color Res. Appl. 26, 340–350 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited