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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2011
  • pp: 759–765

Development and analysis of a photon-counting three-dimensional imaging laser detection and ranging (LADAR) system

Min Seok Oh, Hong Jin Kong, Tae Hoon Kim, Sung Eun Jo, Byung Wook Kim, and Dong Jo Park  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 28, Issue 5, pp. 759-765 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.28.000759


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Abstract

In this paper, a photon-counting three-dimensional imaging laser detection and ranging (LADAR) system that uses a Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (GAPD) of relatively short dead time ( 45 ns ) is described. A passively Q-switched microchip laser is used as a laser source and a compact peripheral component interconnect system, which includes a time-to-digital converter (TDC), is set up for fast signal processing. The combination of a GAPD with short dead time and a TDC with a multistop function enables the system to operate in a single-hit or a multihit mode during the acquisition of time-of-flight data. The software for the three-dimensional visualization and an algorithm for the removal of noise are developed. For the photon-counting LADAR system, we establish a theoretical model of target-detection and false-alarm probabilities in both the single-hit and multihit modes with a Poisson statistic; this model provides the prediction of the performance of the system and a technique for the acquisition of a noise image with a GAPD. Both the noise image and the three-dimensional image of a scene acquired by the photon-counting LADAR system during the day are presented.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.4280) Imaging systems : Noise in imaging systems
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: December 16, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 15, 2011
Published: April 8, 2011

Citation
Min Seok Oh, Hong Jin Kong, Tae Hoon Kim, Sung Eun Jo, Byung Wook Kim, and Dong Jo Park, "Development and analysis of a photon-counting three-dimensional imaging laser detection and ranging (LADAR) system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 759-765 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-28-5-759


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