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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1211–1223

Synthesis of three-dimensional light fields with binary spatial light modulators

Erdem Ulusoy, Levent Onural, and Haldun M. Ozaktas  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 28, Issue 6, pp. 1211-1223 (2011)

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Computation of a binary spatial light modulator (SLM) pattern that generates a desired light field is a challenging quantization problem for which several algorithms have been proposed, mainly for far-field or Fourier plane reconstructions. We study this problem assuming that the desired light field is synthesized within a volumetric region in the non-far-field range after free space propagation from the SLM plane. We use Fresnel and Rayleigh–Sommerfeld scalar diffraction theories for propagation of light. We show that, when the desired field is confined to a sufficiently narrow region of space, the ideal gray-level complex-valued SLM pattern generating it becomes sufficiently low pass (oversampled) so it can be successfully halftoned into a binary SLM pattern by solving two decoupled real-valued constrained halftoning problems. Our simulation results indicate that, when the synthesis region is considered, the binary SLM is indistinguishable from a lower resolution full complex gray-level SLM. In our approach, free space propagation related computations are done only once at the beginning, and the rest of the computation time is spent on carrying out standard image halftoning.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(090.2870) Holography : Holographic display
(100.2810) Image processing : Halftone image reproduction
(070.6120) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Fourier Optics and Signal Processing

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 26, 2011
Published: May 24, 2011

Erdem Ulusoy, Levent Onural, and Haldun M. Ozaktas, "Synthesis of three-dimensional light fields with binary spatial light modulators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 1211-1223 (2011)

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