A scale transformation that converts an ellipse into a circle has been suggested in the literature as a method for eliminating the need to evaluate the conventional Mathieu function solution for scattering by an elliptic cylinder. This suggestion is tested by examining the wave equation in the scaled coordinate system and by evaluating the scattering from a thin ellipse for conditions where it is expected that an approximate solution can be obtained using the scalar theory single-slit approximation. It is found that, for a plane electromagnetic wave normally incident on a thin perfectly conducting ellipse, the position of the first minimum in the diffraction pattern, relative to the central axis, differs by approximately a factor of 7 between the single-slit and the scaled theory approach to the problem. The examination of the scaled wave equation and the scattering calculation suggests that, because the scale transformation generates an anisotropic medium, the use of a uniform medium solution in the scaled coordinate system is not appropriate.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: March 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: April 18, 2011
Published: May 27, 2011
Lawrence A. Ferrari, "Scale transformation of Maxwell’s equations and scattering by an elliptic cylinder," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 1285-1290 (2011)