We investigated the optical properties of a homodyne scanning optical microscope (HSOM) with phase-diversity detection. We found that an HSOM is a coherent imaging system and has the same coherent transfer function as a confocal scanning optical microscope (CSOM). In addition, the depth discrimination ability of an HSOM is the same as that of a CSOM. The resolution of an HSOM can be improved by inserting an annular aperture in the optical path of either the signal or reference beams without reducing the signal intensity.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 11, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 31, 2012
Published: September 18, 2012
Shigeharu Kimura, "Optical equivalence between phase-diversity homodyne detection microscopy and confocal microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2130-2133 (2012)