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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2367–2375

Understanding the twin-image problem in phase retrieval

Manuel Guizar-Sicairos and James R. Fienup  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 29, Issue 11, pp. 2367-2375 (2012)

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The twin-image problem in phase retrieval is characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of features from the original object and its inversion about the origin (twin image). This problem can occur in reconstructions for which the object support is centrosymmetric or loose, and in severe cases it can greatly hinder image quality. In this paper we examine this problem and find that it arises when the retrieved Fourier-domain phase is divided into sets of regions, some of which reconstruct the object while others the twin. We examine sample reconstructions that present the twin-image problem to different extents and find that, even when the twin-image problem is not visually evident, it can exist in small regions of the retrieved Fourier phase. The reduced-support constraint approach is shown to be effective in escaping stagnation caused by the twin-image problem.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(100.3010) Image processing : Image reconstruction techniques
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(110.7440) Imaging systems : X-ray imaging

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: June 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 6, 2012
Published: October 18, 2012

Virtual Issues
October 23, 2012 Spotlight on Optics

Manuel Guizar-Sicairos and James R. Fienup, "Understanding the twin-image problem in phase retrieval," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2367-2375 (2012)

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