OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012
  • pp: A74–A81

Direction in the color plane as a factor in chromatic flicker and chromatic motion

David Bimler  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 29, Issue 2, pp. A74-A81 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (653 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A percept of motion results when a chromatic grating, formed from a spatial alternation between two isoluminant hues, drifts across the visual field. With hue pairs chosen to be equally subjectively dissimilar, the motion is greater for alternation along some directions in color space (orange/blue) than others (green/purple), suggesting a specific interaction between the (L-M) and S0 chromatic opponent channels. This phenomenon was explored systematically by choosing 24 pairs of hues across the color circle and using the method of paired comparisons to scale their movement-inducing contrast. The flicker-inducing contrast observed from rapid alternation between the pairs was measured in the same way. Both phenomena consistently drew upon both chromatic channels, though in different proportions, as if chromatic and temporal variation information are multiplexed along motion-processing pathways. Border-distinctness data were also collected to isolate the (L-M) channel.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.4150) Vision, color, and visual optics : Motion detection
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology

ToC Category:
Color sensitivity and appearance

Original Manuscript: September 1, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 16, 2011
Published: January 13, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

David Bimler, "Direction in the color plane as a factor in chromatic flicker and chromatic motion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, A74-A81 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Cavanagh, “Vision at equiluminance,” Limits of Vision (Vision and Visual Dysfunction), J. J. Kulikowski, I. J. Murray, and V. Walsh, eds. (CRC Press, 1991), Vol. V, pp. 234–250.
  2. P. Cavanagh and S. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normal and color-deficient observers,” Vis. Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. Z.-L. Lu, L. A. Lesmes, and G. Sperling, “The mechanism of isoluminant chromatic motion perception,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 8289–8294 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. K. R. Dobkins and T. D. Albright, “Merging processing streams: color cues for motion detection and interpretation” in The Visual Neurosciences, L. Chalupa and J. Werner eds. (MIT Press, 2004), pp. 1217–1228.
  5. K. R. Dobkins and T. D. Albright, “What happens if it changes color when it moves?: psychophysical experiments on the nature of chromatic input to motion detectors,” Vis. Res. 33, 1019–1036 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. S. J. Cropper and S. M. Wuerger, “The perception of motion in chromatic stimuli,” Behav. Cogn. Neurosci. Rev. 4, 192–217 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Bimler, “Flicker between equal-luminance colors examined with multidimensional scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 523–531 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. B. W. Tansley and R. M. Boynton, “Chromatic border perception: the role of red- and green-sensitive cones,” Vis. Res. 18, 683–697 (1978). [CrossRef]
  9. B. B. Lee and T. Yeh, “Tritan pairs estimated by modulation photometry of red, green and blue lights,” in Colour Vision Deficiencies XII, B. Drum, ed. (Kluwer, 1994), pp. 177–184.
  10. D. T. Lindsey and D. Teller, “Motion at isoluminance: discrimination/detection ratios for moving isoluminant gratings,” Vis. Res. 30, 1751–1761 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. D. Bimler, “The chromatic parameters of isoluminant chromatic motion examined with dissimilarity judgements,” Ophthalmol. Physiol. Opt. 30, 578–582 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. H. M. Paulson, “Comparison of color vision tests used by the armed forces,” in Color Vision, D. B. Judd, ed. (National Academy Press, 1973), pp. 34–64.
  13. D. Bimler, J. Kirkland, and S. Pichler, “Escher in color space: individual-differences multidimensional scaling of color dissimilarities collected with a gestalt formation task,” Behav. Res. Methods Instrum. Comput. 36, 69–76 (2004).
  14. W. B. Cowan, “An inexpensive scheme for calibration of a colour monitor in terms of CIE standard coordinates,” Comput. Graph. 17, 315–321 (1983). [CrossRef]
  15. D. H. Kelly, “Luminous and chromatic flickering patterns have opposite effects,” Science 188, 371–372 (1975). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Cavanagh, D. I. A. MacLeod, and S. M. Anstis, “Equiluminance: spatial and temporal factors and the contribution of blue-sensitive cones,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1428–1438(1987). [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vis. Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. B. C. Regan and J. D. Mollon, “The relative salience of the cardinal axes of colour space in normal and anomalous trichromats,” in Colour Vision Deficiencies XIII, C. R. Cavonius, ed. (Kluwer, 1997), pp. 261–270.
  19. Y. Nakano and P. K. Kaiser, “Color fusion and flicker fusion frequencies using tritanopic pairs,” Vis. Res. 32, 1417–1423 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. N. Cottaris and R. L. De Valois, “Temporal dynamics of chromatic tuning in macaque primary visual cortex,” Nature 395, 896–900 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited