If color appearance is to be a useful feature in identifying an object, then color appearance must remain roughly constant when the object is viewed in different contexts. People maintain approximate color constancy despite variation in the color of nearby objects and despite variation in the spectral power distribution of the ambient light. Land’s retinex algorithm is a model of human color constancy. We analyze the retinex algorithm and discuss its general properties. We show that the algorithm is too sensitive to changes in the color of nearby objects to serve as an adequate model of human color constancy.
© 1986 Optical Society of America
David H. Brainard and Brian A. Wandell, "Analysis of the retinex theory of color vision," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1651-1661 (1986)