The application of the principle of reciprocity and methods of Fourier optics to imaging in conventional and scanning microscopes is discussed. It is concluded that there is identical even for objects thick enough for multiple scattering to occur, provided that there is no inelastic scattering or birefringence present.
© 1986 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 24, 1985
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 1985
Published: May 1, 1986
C. J. R. Sheppard and T. Wilson, "Reciprocity and equivalence in scanning microscopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 755-756 (1986)