The statistical properties of dynamic speckles produced by a moving diffuse object were reviewed by providing the space–time correlation function and the power spectrum of speckle-intensity fluctuation for five combined cases of both the optical configuration and the illumination light. In the optical configuration, three kinds of geometry (free-space, single-lens, and double-lens) were taken, and three kinds of illumination light (a Gaussian beam, a plane-wave beam, and a Gaussian Schell-model beam) were used. Consequently, it was shown that the cross-correlation function and the power spectrum are both Gaussian under some assumptions. From the dynamic properties, two types of speckle motion, boiling and translation, were also evaluated for various conditions of object motion, optical configuration, and illumination light.
© 1986 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 11, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: February 17, 1986
Published: July 1, 1986
Takeaki Yoshimura, "Statistical properties of dynamic speckles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1032-1054 (1986)