OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1929–1936

Measurement of rod and cone effects in mesopic visual sensitivity by varying viewing field

Jisoo Hwang, Dong-Hoon Lee, Seongchong Park, and Seung-Nam Park  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 30, Issue 10, pp. 1929-1936 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.30.001929


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1189 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

To investigate the effects of rods and cones in mesopic visual sensitivity, we perform spectral sensitivity experiments by varying viewing fields and adaptation levels. We obtain mesopic spectral sensitivities for 2° and 10° centrally viewing fields and a (10°–20°) peripherally viewing field at adaptation luminance levels of 0.04cd/m2, 0.4cd/m2, and 1.8cd/m2. The spectral shapes are examined through comparison with the Commission International de l’Eclairage luminous efficiency functions. We observe a decrease of visual sensitivity with an increase of adaptation luminance and the dependence of visual sensitivity on viewing field. The observation is discussed in terms of the interaction between rods and cones.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2170) General : Equipment and techniques
(330.5310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - photoreceptors
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 8, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 14, 2013
Published: September 6, 2013

Citation
Jisoo Hwang, Dong-Hoon Lee, Seongchong Park, and Seung-Nam Park, "Measurement of rod and cone effects in mesopic visual sensitivity by varying viewing field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1929-1936 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-30-10-1929


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. T. Sharpe and A. Stockman, “Luminous efficiency functions,” in Visual Transduction and Non-Visual Light Perception, J. Tombran-Tink and C. J. Barnstable, eds. (Humana, 2008), pp. 329–352.
  2. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science: Concepts and Methods, Quantitative Data and Formulae, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1982).
  3. Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage Proceedings, 1924 (Cambridge University, 1926).
  4. “Recommended system for mesopic photometry based on visual performance,” CIE Technical report (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 2010).
  5. Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage Proceedings, 1951 (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 1951).
  6. “Mesopic photometry Testing: history, special problems and practical solutions,” CIE Technical report (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 1989).
  7. “Testing of supplementary systems of photometry,” CIE Technical report (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 2001).
  8. S. E. Palmer, Vision Science: Photons to Phenomenology (Bradford, 1999), pp. 29–31.
  9. M. D. Fairchid, Color Appearance Models, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2005), p. 11.
  10. “CIE supplementary system of photometry,” CIE Technical report (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 2011).
  11. M. Puolakka and L. Halonen, “Implementation of CIE 191 mesopic photometry—ongoing and future actions,” in Proceedings of CIE x037:2012 (Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage, 2012), paper OP01.
  12. D. I. A. MacLeod, “Rods cancel cones in flicker,” Nature 235, 173–174 (1972). [CrossRef]
  13. T. J. T. P. V. den Berg and H. Spekreijse, “Interaction between rod and cone signals studied with temporal sinewave stimulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1210–1217 (1977). [CrossRef]
  14. R. F. Hess, K. T. Mullen, and K. Nordby, “Mutual rod-cone suppression within the central visual field,” Ophthalmol. Physiol. Opt. 12, 183–188 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. S. H. Goldberg, T. E. Frumkes, and R. W. Nygaard, “Inhibitory influence of unstimulated rods in the human retina: evidence provided by examining cone flicker,” Science 221, 180–182 (1983). [CrossRef]
  16. N. J. Coletta and A. J. Adams, “Rod-cone interaction in flicker detection,” Vis. Res. 24, 1333–1340 (1984).
  17. L. T. Sharpe, A. Stockman, W. Jagla, and H. Jägle, “A Luminous efficiency functions, V*(λ) for daylight adaptation,” J. Vis. 5(11):3, 948–968 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Mathur, J. Gehrmann, and D. A. Atchison, “Pupil shape as viewed along the horizontal visual field,” J. Vis. 13(6):3, 1–8 (2013). [CrossRef]
  19. K. Sagawa and K. Takeichi, “Spectral luminous efficiency functions for a ten-degree field in the mesopic range,” J. Light Vis. Env. 7, 37–44 (1983).
  20. K. Sagawa and K. Takeichi, “Spectral luminous efficiency functions in the mesopic range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 71–75 (1986). [CrossRef]
  21. I. J. Murray, N. R. A. Parry, D. J. McKeefry, and A. Panorgias, “Sex-related differences in peripheral human color vision: a color matching study,” J. Vis. 12(1):18 1–10 (2012).
  22. C. DeCusatis, Handbook of Applied Photometry (OSA and Springer-Verlag, 1998), p. 59.
  23. M. Kalloniatis and R. S. Harwerth, “Spectral sensitivity and adaptation characteristic of cone mechanisms under white-light adaptation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1912–1928 (1990). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited