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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2013
  • pp: 2306–2313

State of polarization and propagation factor of a stochastic electromagnetic beam in a gradient-index fiber

Shijun Zhu, Lin Liu, Yahong Chen, and Yangjian Cai  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 30, Issue 11, pp. 2306-2313 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.30.002306


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Abstract

With the help of a tensor method, we investigate the evolution properties of the state of polarization of an electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-model beam propagating through a gradient-index (GRIN) fiber. We find that the Stokes parameters and the polarization ellipse exhibit periodicity. The initial beam parameters affect the values of the Stokes parameters and the parameters of the polarization ellipse. Furthermore, based on the second-order moments of the Wigner distribution function, the explicit expression for the propagation factor (known as the M2 factor) in the GRIN fiber is derived. It is shown that the M2 factor remains invariant on propagation and is determined only by the initial beam parameters.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 15, 2013
Published: October 21, 2013

Citation
Shijun Zhu, Lin Liu, Yahong Chen, and Yangjian Cai, "State of polarization and propagation factor of a stochastic electromagnetic beam in a gradient-index fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 2306-2313 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-30-11-2306

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